This commentary is born out of a burning desire for me to understand a book of the Bible in it’s entirety. As a young believer, someone told me to pick a book of the Bible and really get it. Every word, every sentence and apply it. Little did I know then that I was picking one of the most difficult book of the Bible next to Revelation to understand. With so many varied interpretations, who was right?
How I chose the Song
I wanted to truly know what love was. What is love? It’s hight, depth, width and length that surpassed my knowledge.
My journey in learning it. From allegory to shepherd to Solomon.
Contents of the Intro.
Overall statements of the Song. Key word, Theme, Key verse, Purpose, Purpose of Marriage, Things the Song does. Marriage as an analogy.
Key features or characteristics of the Song,
Theological Questions, Historical Background, Persons. Who is he?, Who is she?
Context leading up to Song 1:2-4, Timeframe of the Song, Context (what’s the difference between context and historical background?), Scene by scene flow,
Things to speak at length about (Song 8:5, 8:6-7), (2:7, 3:5, 8:3), Song 2:16, 6:3, 7:10. God is not directly in the text but indirectly (the charge in 2:7, superlative power of love in 8:6…etc.).
Overall Statements about the Song.
This book is so full of heavenly treasure, and such lively expressions of the invaluable riches of the love of God’s beloved son, Jedidiah, the king of peace, Solomon that it serves ‘to kindle in the heart all heavenly affections to God and man. And indeed this Love Song will do it better than any other, for no other love Song illustrates God’s love in marriage like Solomon’s Song of Songs.
The Song of Songs will lead you to the LORD and enable you to know and to realize His love as you have never done before. D. M. Lloyd-Jones pg. 4 George Burrow commentary.
The Song sings the truth that through union and communion with God’s beloved son/Son, the king/King of peace, two who were enemies can become one because of their unquenchable love for God and each other.
The Song illustrates how love brought about fulfillment in their marriage. Song 8:10
“The Song occupies a sacred enclosure into which none may enter unprepared. ‘Put off your shoes from off your feet, for the place whereon you stand is holy ground,’ is the warning voice from its secret tabernacles. The historical books I may compare to the outer courts of the Temple; the Gospels, the Epistles, and the Psalms, bring us into the holy place or the Court of the priests; but the Song of Solomon is the most holy place: the holy of holies, before which the veil still hangs to many an untaught believer. ”
~~Charles Spurgeon, “A Bundle of Myrrh” sermon, March 6th, 1864
Key word= Love
Theme= Closeness. Growing closer to the one you love. Oneness in marriage, growing in love and intimacy, getting closer. These and many other’s are idea’s that recur in or pervade the Love Song. Other posts I did on the theme. 7 ways growing intimacy is illustrated.
Key verse= Solomon’s Song of Songs 8:6-7
Purpose of Solomon’s Song of Songs= To help the reader get a right idea of love. I would like to say that the intent of the author was to illustrate both love and holy jealousy if love and jealousy were separate emotions entirely. But Holy Jealousy flows from a heart of love. To know what love is and grow in your experiential knowledge of it is the purpose of the Love Song.
So since the purpose of the Love Song is to illustrate love. We will then ask questions. Is this section in some way illustrating a love that is above human power? Is this section somehow manifesting the fact that love has power to unite by casting out fear? How does this section illustrate the action of a lover with a holy jealousy? Do we see him or her saying or behaving in a way that lets us understand the intense cruelty of loves Jealousy? Where do we see sparks of love? Where do we see superlative sparks of love, a flame above all other flames? Where do we see the unquechabilty of their love? Where do we see waters trying to quench their love? Where do we see because the intent was to not only give us principle characteristics of love but to illustrate it, where do we see that fact that many rivers of love and pleasure can’t overflow love? Where do we see the priceless value of love illustrated? Where do we see the freeness of love illustrated?
To empower us to love. Wisdom is the ability to act for wise ends. When a heart is enflamed with love it has power to act in a way that pleases God. To love pleases God.
Purpose of marriage
So marriage is the one and only human relationship that includes sexual activity.And it is designed by God to be full of love.It is designed by God to be fulfilling.It is designed by God to accomplish a lot of things
1 For procreation
2 For fulfillment
3 To be full of love
5 For purity
7 Designed by God to be a picture
8 To put love on display
1 “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earthand subdue it and rule.”
4 “It is not good for the man to be alone.”A wife is more than just a partner for the purpose of having children;she is a partner for the purpose of companionship.And the most wonderful of all marriages are where both of those are in wonderful harmony.It is also true that God designed marriage not only for procreation and partnership but for pleasure.” John Macarthur Gen. 26:8, Song 5:1
5 Purity. “Let them marry,it is better to marry than to burn.”And he means to burn with desire God designed marriage to help curve sinful passions. Our bodies are wired for pleasure and to be touched is pleasing. That pleasure reaches its peak in marriage.
6 Protection. 1 Peter 1:3. She wants to feel, loved, safe and protected. Like the same feeling you get when thinking of the love of a mother to her child on the day of birth. Song 3:4
7 Designed to be a picture. The greater the love the better the picture. A picture gives us some idea of the original. A picture is not the original but reminds us of it in various degree’s and manners of the original. The picture may be clear as it is in the Song but the degree of clarity may be dimmed due to our own inability to see it or lack of purity in heart to see God. “Blessed are the pure in heart for they will see God.” “Enlarge my heart, so that I may walk in”love.
The main purpose of the Song can be difficult to say because we see the Song doing so many things. We see one thing clearly and say it’s the main purpose. Some see the physical intimacy in the Song and say it’s all about physical intimacy. But then what about the heart to heart intimacy. What about love? What about closeness? What about Glorifying God which is an ultimate end or purpose of all things?
Things the Song does.
This section speaks to The Ultimate Purpose of the book, the chief purpose and subordinate means to those ends. There are things or lessons the Song teaches which serve their purpose. So since the Song teaches so many different things and so many people then think that since it teaches or talks about something that that is the main purpose for the book.
The chief purpose accomplishes the ultimate end. The chief purpose of Solomon’s Song of Songs is the same as the authors intent, which is to both describe love “for love is…” 8:6-7 and illustrate love so that we get a right idea of it. The Love Song is profitable to teach us what love is, this is it’s chief but not ultimate purpose. Here we have Biblical doctrine about love “for love is…”. What the Bible teaches about love, illustrated in the context of two enemies becoming one in courtship and marriage.
“All Scripture is profitable for teaching, correcting, rebuking and training…. for good works.” 2 Tim 3:16
Since the Song is Scripture then it is profitable to teach us what “love is…” 8:6-7. The Song of Songs is profitable to correct us in our understanding where we are wrong. To rebuke us who know what it is and choose to reject it. The Song is profitable to train us to love and good works. All roads in the love poem lead us to understanding love better. So it is profitable for teaching us about love. It is profitable to correct those who are trying but not getting it right. It is profitable to rebuke those who know what love is, have been getting it right but now refuse to do so. It is profitable for training those who know what it is, are living it out and desire to continue loving having been trained.
The ultimate purpose of the Song is for our good and to glorify God. The reason we were created was to enjoy God and glorify Him forever. The Song of Songs helps us to enjoy God and glorify Him by helping us understand what love is. God’s glory is His attributes. When who God is and what He is like is both seen and delighted in God is glorified. God is love so that when love is seen and delighted in then God is glorified. It is also for our good that we understand what love is so that we can love and obey God in life and marriage.
Every verse is subordinate to the chief reason Solomon wrote the Song. Which I believe the chief reason is to help us get a right idea of Love. So somehow each word, verse, paragraph and chapter either directly or indirectly lead us to getting the idea of love described in Song 8:6-7 “for love is...”
All other subordinate means, purposes and verses work together for the chief end which ultimately glorifies God and is for our good, happiness and delight in God.
So that once we get a right idea of love, we will enjoy God, He will be glorified and we will fulfill our purpose in life. Which is to glorify God and enjoy him more and more forever!
Knowing the chief purpose (which I believe is to help us get a right idea of what “love is…” 8:6) is important because somehow each verse fits in line with accomplishing that chief end. Which is also the Authors, Solomon’s main intent. Solomon has his eye on illustrating a powerful, unquenchable, priceless flame above all others for our good and God’s glory.
Subordinate means to the chief end are often wrongly prioritized.
For example what I mean is that there is sex in the Song so some people make that the chief purpose of the book. Now she does want him to kiss her multiple times. Once they are married there is a whole chapter where they are naked unashamed and have sex. Then 7:6-9 is a bit spicy. But other than that she always wants to be near him due to her great love for him. Purity before marriage, sex and physical closeness and intimacy are not the main or chief purpose of the book but are themes that Solomon wisely uses to help us get a right idea of love.
Making the love poem all about sex leads to all kinds of misinterpretations. Some authors have them having sex right off the bat in Song 1:2-4, then they have him putting his head on her breasts in 1:13, then I don’t even want to repeat what they have him doing in 2:6, and then many have her wanting him to fondle her breasts in 2:17 when they aren’t even married until 3:11! Just so you know I see her only wanting kisses in 1:2-4, then her thinking of him as being precious and close to her spiritual heart in 1:13, then she is passing out in his arms at the banquet hall in public due to the overwhelming expressions of love at the end of their first date in 2:6, and in 2:17 she is wanting him to be skilled and wise like a gazelle and overcome all the great difficulties that separate the two of them until the dawning of a new day.
My point is that if you make a subordinate mean like physical intimacy the chief end or purpose of the book, then your interpretation of various texts will be skewed. Not to say that the book can’t be used as a help to encourage young couple to stay pure and to help married couples have a better sex life, but these aren’t the main reason Solomon wrote the Love Poem. Love manifests itself not only in physical intimacy but also in self denial, sweet conversations, obedience, protection, provision, wise leadership, good counsel, the two getting more heart to heart and on and on.
Due to Solomon’s main intent of illustrating love in the context of marriage other things happen as a result.
1 An eden like intimacy between man and woman is seen being restored. James Hamilton goes to great lengths to illustrate this fact in his book “Song of Songs”. The curse is seen being reversed in the hearts of the lovers. The curse is seen being reversed in the abundant fruit, flowers and spices in the promised land.
2 In order to illustrate a holy flame of love a pure and holy lovemaking is seen in its proper context as a means for fulfillment in marriage, “Drink your fill of love” Song 5:1. Sex is not the main theme of the Song but is a theme that helps to illustrate a jealous bond of love.
3 Since the Love Song illustrates love in a marriage context in effect it gives us some idea of God’s love to Israel and God’s love in Jesus Christ to His bride by way of analogy not allegory. Human love is only a shadow of Divine love because it has flaws and is not perfect. Meaning we see the brides love temporarily fail where God’s love to Israel never fails. We see her love grow, whereas God’s love never changes and is infinite and overflowing. God’s love to Israel and Christ’s love to His bride is similar to a husbands love to his wife which is why analogies can be made. But that doesn’t make the Song an allegory.
I could go on and on with a list of what the song does in effect but it’s important to just know the main purpose Solomon wrote it and discover all the other subordinate uses of the Song as we go.
Marriage as an analogy of Christ’s love to His Bride.
The love song is clearly about closeness and love. The two living out what they are, one. The level of closeness in a marriage is seen in 2 ways. 1 Physical 2 Mental or Heart to heart or soul mingling. 3 Spiritual or Religious. Clearly the physical aspect of a marriage has very little similarities with Jesus and His bride. Yes she will physically tough him someday but not in any sort of sexual or erotic way. So what is left to be analogous is the heart or soul. So that there are many similarities between how a wife gets closer to her husbands heart and how a believer gets closer to the heart of Jesus. “Draw near to God and He will draw near to you.” Growing in your idea, sense and manifestations of love by “cleaning your hands” and “purifying your heart” and not being “double minded”. How love works to unite and bring about a stricter union of hearts is similar to how love unites and brings about a stricter union or bond between Jesus and His bride.
The Bible uses all kinds of illustrations to help us understand our relationship with Jesus. There is that of a king to a faithful servant, brother to brother, friend to enemy, savior to redeemed and others. The Bible often uses marriage language to help us understand
God’s relationship with Israel, Jesus’s relationship with His bride, and a mans relationship to his wife. Such language helps us to understand love, jealousy, intimacy, closeness, roles in the union and many other things as we will see as we go through the best love poem that Solomon wrote that honors God.
“all the Scriptures speak of Him“. Luke 24:27
So how does Solomon’s Song of Songs speak of Jesus?
there are points of similarity between God’s love to His Son, God’s love to Israel, a pastors love to his church, Christ’s love to His Bride and a mans love to a woman.
1 All are considered unions. 3 Both share the same Love. 4 Someone is the authority/Authority. Head. Shepherd. Friend and Beloved. The other submits, is the body, follower, friend and lover. 5 Increasing levels of closeness is seen in all the relationships because true love is shared.
2 Solomon’s Song of Songs speaks of Jesus only by way of analogy. Don’t get me wrong here. The Song is clearly about a man who was a type of Jesus Christ and His Bride loving each other through courtship, and the ups and downs of life thus illustrating a strong love, who’s jealousy is unbearably cruel like hell’s fire, therefore it is a flame above all other’s, unquenchable in nature and priceless in value Song 8:6-7. But there are points of similarity between God’s love to His Son, God’s love to Israel, a pastors love to his church, Christ’s love to His Bride seen everywhere thought out the song about the 3rd Messiah of Israel loving a Gentile slave girl and her love to him. Thus Solomon’s Song of Songs speaks about Jesus by way of analogy for “all the Scriptures speak of Him“. Luke 24:27
Structure of the Song.
Structure of the Song as it relates to the key verse.
This I believe is one of the most important keys to understanding the whole song. Get the key verses wrong and how they relate to the rest of the poem and you miss Solomon’s whole point.
The key verses
1 The key verse and why it is important 2 How does the description of love in 8:6-7 relate to 8:5 3 Explain how those 5 characteristics of love lead to the strict union in 8:5
The Song that honors God was put together so that anyone who reads it can get a right idea of love. That right idea of love comes to us by way of telling us about loves characteristics in Song 8:6-7. 5 Characteristics of love are 1 Love is as strong as death. 2 Its jealousy is cruel 3 It is a flame above all others 4 It is unquenchable 5 It is priceless.
So, I can tell you that love is strong. I can tell you that love has power to unite, cast out fear, act, attract, change the heart, illuminate the mind and delight the soul among other things.
So Song 8:6-7 describes loves characteristics and it is throughout the whole Love Song that we see those characteristics of love illustrated. We see loves strength to unite by seeing their hearts get closer and closer. We see love casting out fear in that she was not scared to get closer to him due to his loving character. And on and on we go seeing loves superlative power manifested in multiple different ways through out the whole Song. We also see the cruelty of loves holy jealousy on display. We also see that it is a flame above all other’s, that love is unquenchable and that it is priceless.
So the structure of the Song is one of a description of how a born again Gentile slave girl and Israels current Messiah fall in love. Set in a courtship and marriage context.
In each section of the Song we see these different characteristics of love on display. So that we can know that love is strong enough to unite and also see them getting closer. We can know that love is priceless but through out the Song we see the great value of love illustrated in their courtship and marriage.
So that when I explain a verse or section, I will always explain how that section or verse relates to the characteristics of love described in the key verse, Song 8:6-7.
Progression of love and oneness.
If you were to ask the couple what love was and how the two of them got so close? The answer to what love is is in Song 8:6-7. And how they got so close was that they grew in their love for each other through 3 phases. The first phase was their meeting, getting to know each other and casting out fears thus they aroused their affections for one another. The second phase of their growing love was committing to one another in engagement and marriage. The third phase is laboring in love which is mainly about self denial and reconciliation. Which all lead to her fully leaning on him and being heart to heart.
Outline of the Song
1 Courtship and Marriage
Courtship, proposal, wedding, marriage, conclusion
Love arousing, loves conception, love laboring and loves fruit. Song 1:2-6, 2:7-5:1, 5:2-8:3, 8:4ff. I get this outline from the idea of how love progresses in Song 8:5
First coming of the Messiah, Second, third and fourth. First coming is his anointing. The second one he proposed and they get married. Third coming he shows up when she is sleeping. Fourth coming he enters Jerusalem with her leaning on him.
- 2 The Song is Literal and historical, not allegorical, but has many metaphors and similes in it. 1:2-6 is literal. 3:6-3:11 is literal.
- Metaphor=Metaphor and analogy work by bringing together concepts from different conceptual domains. A metaphor creates new links between otherwise distinct conceptual domains. A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. a thing regarded as representative or symbolic of something else, especially something abstract.
The Song of songs illustrates how God’s love draws the two lovers together through various times of separation leading to a stricter union and times of sweet communion to stricter union and enjoyment of each others love and the fruits of it.
Characteristics or key features of the Song
- Love or some form of it shows up about 60 times.
- Its in the Bible. Its a Love poem in the Holy Bible. Since this love poem is scripture it is profitable. 2 Timothy 3:16 “All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correctingand training in righteousness”
- The same phrase is repeated 3x in 2:7, 3:5 and 8:4 (To do. Go into detail as to the truth and importance of the repeated phrase in the intro but less detail in the commentary)
- Three similar phrases repeated in a manner that illustrate the brides growing love to God and her husband are in 2:16, 6:3 and 7:10. The bride is progressing in the knowledge of her husbands love for her. She is learning to give herself completely to him and has done so by 7:10 in the words “I am his and his desire is for me” Before it was “My beloved is mine and I am his”. Unless you marry a fully mature practically perfect wife then there is a process of her learning to do her role in marriage. The curse is being reversed and she is growing in her love to her husband/Husband.
Oneness “My beloved is mine, and I am his.“
- The Song has many sub themes.
- Beauty is a sub theme of the Song. Since the main theme is closeness or is the theme love. Anyway beauty is a sub theme. Beauty is needed for attraction. For physical and moral attraction. Attention and focus on both her inner and outer beauty is all over the place. 34 verses out of 50 the husband praises her moral or external beauty. That’s 68% of the time her beloved is praising, rejoicing or delighting in her various inner and outer beauties.
- The Song is mainly written in the first person. Which is why some believe it was written by Solomon’s 1st wife. Since it is written from the brides perspective it helps us get a sense of what it felt like to fall more and more in love with a type of Christ. But the song is not only from her perspective but also his yet only in one or maybe two places. For example 2:2 is not spoken out loud but is what is in his heart at the time. So that we know what was going through his mind at the time as well.
- Solomon often has a heading or summarizing verse first before the section. Similar to how a writing puts the main idea in the first sentence of a paragraph and then the rest of the paragraph explains the idea further. 2:10 is a heading for 2:11-16. 5:2 is a heading for 5:2-4. Song 6:10 is a heading for 6:11-12.
Strengthening the bond by casting out fear. 1:2-2:6, Strengthening the bond by conception. 2:8-5:1. Strengthening the bond by laboring in self denial and fully leaning on him/Him. 5:2-8:3.
Where does the Song fit in the progressive revelation of Jesus Christ?
Where does the Song fit in Systematic Theology?
What does the Song teach us about God?
***Remember in the intro to not make statements if fact without proof texts.
How OT believers saved so as to see the love of the coming Messiah. Jonathan Edwards
- Love poem in the Bible, therefore it is profitable 2 Tim. 3:16. A love poem about how Israel’s Messiah became one with his bride. Profitable for teaching, correcting and rebuking and training in a holy marriage where those who love God are one through their union and communion with the coming Christ. How could this be when he is a holy king and she is a sunburnt Gentile enemy slave? Here’s how it all started. With her desire to have the closest most intimate relationship with me.
Date, Song 3:11, God’s plan for Israel, God’s plan for His Son’s bride, Jew and Gentile become one through their union and communion with God’s son, the king of peace, David is dying, God’s promises were being fulfilled in the promised land, a time of rest 1 Kings 8:56, the effects of the curse were being reversed,
Time line of kings. Saul, David, Solomon, Rehoboam, Abijah, Asa, Jehoshaphat, Jehoram, Ahaziah, Athaliah, Jeoash, Amaziah, Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amon, Josiah and 4 others.
In context with God’s plan for Israel
In context for God’s plan for His sons bride to progressively grow in grace and knowledge of Him.
God came to dwell in the temple and there was peace on earth and good will toward all men, both Jew and Gentile through their union and communion with their newly anointed king of peace.
- Change in who is anointed king. The end of David’s reign as Israels Messiah and now his son Solomon was Israel’s Messiah.
When Jew and Gentiles where enemies but now peace on earth and goodwill to man is here through the people and nations union and communion with God’s beloved son, the king of peace!! Unrepentant Gentiles were enslaved and sunburnt. And yet peace with God through union and communion in Love with Israel’s Messiah and king of peace went to all nations, not just the united Jewish Nation of Israel but peace with God was preached to Gentile Nations and accepted also.
- Preaching peace through belief in the person and work of The coming Messiah. 2. Righteousness by faith. Gen. 15:6 The brides righteousness was by faith. 3. Substitutionary atonement typified in the temple sacrifices. 4. Intercessory work of the coming Messiah typified in the priesthood
Persons in the Song
The Shepherd King, the Bride or Shulammite?, Virgins or Maidens, daughters of Jerusalem, Daughters of Zion, Watchmen, Mother’s son’s, a group of people “we”
Who is the “him” in 1:2? Who is Solomon, what is he like, what’s in his name? (put full detail here, but in commentary put the main most sweetest parts)
“Let him kiss me with the kisses of his lips, for your love is more delightful than wine.”
Who he is.
He is a young, single, desirable man who loved God. Co reagent king, king of peace, son of David, son of God, a promised Messiah, friend, beloved, sheep shepherd, people shepherd, brother, bride of God’s Son, sat on God’s throne, type of Jesus Christ
Who he will be
King of kings, unmeasurably wise, He will be hers, king on God’s throne in Jerusalem, a beloved, husband and friend above all others, honored more than any other king,
The young man single man she is in love with is Solomon. Solomon was newly anointed promised Messiah of Israel at the time, the king to whom peace belongs, a type of Jesus Christ, Son of David. Jedidiah (which means) beloved of God because the “LORD loved him” 2 Sam 12:24-25 And God’s love would “never leave him” 1 Chron. 17:13, he is a man who has a powerful and unquenchable love 8:6,
There are two times of Solomon’s life. A devoted time 1 Kings 3:3 and a not so fully devoted time frame. 1 Kings 11:4. When the bride to be married Solomon, Israels Messiah it was on the same day that they got married and the same day that Solomon was crowned king when he was young. Song 3:11 with 1 Chron. 29:22
At the time of Solomon’s crowning his character was praiseworthy and his name was like perfume poured out to all the single virgin maidens. Song 1:2-4 and it was right for them to “adore him.”
THINGS KNOWN ABOUT SOLOMON DURING ANOINTING OF ISRAEL’S THIRD MESSIAH OF SONG 1:2-4
?What was known of Solomon before his crowning and wedding day Song 3:11? This is really important because in Song 1:3 Solomon has a name like perfume poured out and all the virgin maidens loved him and it was right for them to adore him Song 1:4 couple this with the fact that Solomon was only a “child” when crowned king on his wedding day, brings up the question “What made Solomon’s reputation and character or name so great at such a young age that all the maidens rightly desired him?” Uziah was 16 when king. 2 Chron. 26:1
- 1 Chronicles 22:9 “Behold, a son shall be born to thee, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about: for his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and quietness unto Israel in his days.”
- Also look at #9 of Context. God told David before he slept with Bathsheba that he would have a son that would rebuild the temple and “his name would be Solomon. 1 Chronicles 22:9. David knew who the name of the next Messiah before he was born. Compare 2 Sam. 7:8-16 with 2 Sam 11 when many wars later David slept with Bathsheba, therefore the promise of an anointed king would be David’s “offspring” in verse 12. So the messiah would come through David. 2 Sam. 7 has no indication of what his name would be yet David when referring back to that promise, in 1 Chronicles the name of the person that would build the temple. So David knew Solomon would build the temple and be Israels Messiah at birth when he was named Solomon and Jedidiah.
- 1 Chronicles 28:5-7
And of all my sons, (for the LORD hath given me many sons,) he hath chosen Solomon my son to sit upon the throne of the kingdom of the LORD over Israel. And he said unto me, Solomon thy son, he shall build my house and my courts: for I have chosen him to bemy son, and I will be his father. Moreover I will establish his kingdom for ever, if he be constant to do my commandments and my judgments, as at this day.
- It would have been quite possible that Psalm 72 was known by the bride to be.
- Bathsheba knew that Solomon would be the next king because David swore to her that “Solomon his son would be king after him and sit on his throne.” 1 Kings 1:30
- Born king of the Jews. 1 Chronicles 22:9 with 2 Samuel 12:24-25. Pro-rex. Not the king but prophesied to be king of Israel. ?Was he also prophesied to be king of Jew and Gentile? Solomon was king of kings, both Jew and Gentile, but was it prophesied? At his first crowning when David was still alive, Solomon would have been viceroy.
- The 4th Messiah of Israel was just anointed king Song 1:3-4. David was dying and Bathsheba and Nathan are witness of David’s living up to he promise that Solomon would be king not the 3rd Messiah of Israel. The third Messiah of Israel was a false messiah, he set himself up as Messiah, Adonijah was not the promised king of Israel. Yes, he was next to the throne because he was the oldest son but God had promised that after David Solomon would be king of peace and build a temple where God would come dwell with man and there will be peace on earth and good will to not only Jews but Gentiles as well!! Remember the slave girl, she was a sunburnt enemey of God but now loves God and His newly anointed king.
God had promised discernment and a wise heart like no one before or after him 1 Kings 3:12. So imagine a woman desiring a husband whom God promised to give wisdom beyond any other man before or after him. This man would have wisdom or skill to love his wife better than any other man as she says in Song 5:9-10 where Solomon is a beloved above all other beloveds and chief husband, lover and friend above 10,000 others. He was also promise wealth and honor so that he would have “no equal”. 1 Kings 3:13. All of this made him the most desirable single child alive as wise king, best shepherd and Messiah of Israel, king of peace.
Solomon. King of kings. King of peace. Jedidiah (beloved son of God). Son of David. Messiah of Israel sitting on God’s throne in Israel. Possessed unmeasurable wisdom. Husband above ten thousand others. Who’s fame spread to all nations. 1 Kings 4:29, 1 Kings 4:21, Song 5:9-10, 1 Kings 4:31
Who is “him” in Song 1:2? Is he in the Messianic line? Time line from Abraham to David. The greatest type of Christ. Titles tell us who he is. The name Jedidiah tells us his relationship to the Father. The Father loves Israel’s Messiah. She is the beloved of God the Father and loved by God the Son and their communion is in the Love they share its the same Holy Spirit of Love. Where is he? Solomon was the greatest Gospel preacher thus far in extent.
He is a superlative king.
Superlative kings are Solomon, Hezikiah and Josiah.
Solomon excelled all before or after them in “wisdom” 1 Kings 3:12
“Behold, I have done according to thy words: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee.”
Solomon also had wisdom like the “sand of seashore” 1 Kings 4:29. Meaning
“cannot be measured or numbered” Hosea 1:10
And excelled all others kings of his time in “riches” and “honor” and “royal splendor“. And I have also given thee that which thou hast not asked, both riches, and honour: so that there shall not be any among the kings like unto thee all thy days” 1 kings 3:13. 1 Chronicles 29:25 “The Lordhighly exalted Solomon in the sight of all Israel and bestowed on him royal splendorsuch as no king over Israel ever had before.”
Hezikiah was preeminent as far as “trust in the Lord” 2 Kings 18:5 “Hezekiah trustedin the Lord, the God of Israel. There was no one like him among all the kings of Judah, either before him or after him.”
Josiah surpassed Solomon and Hezikiah in “turning to the Lord- with all his heart“… Neither before nor after Josiah was there a king like him who turned to the LORD as he did–with all his heart and with all his soul and with all his strength, in accordance with all the Law of Moses. 2 Kings 23:25
Solomon as a Type. Ways in which Solomon was similar to Jesus Christ.
Timeline of Solomon as a Type of The Messiah according to the promises
Solomon as a type in his work as Prophet, Priest and King
Son of David, a new Adam. (James Hamilton page 26)
Who is she?
- A Virgin 1:11 with 8:8-9. Virgins were adorned.
- A virgin that was taught love by her mother. 7:
- Was in an unloving situation 1:6
- Enslaved or in Forced Labor 1:5-6 1 Kings 4:20; 1 Kings 9:20-22.
- Clarke on 1 Kings 12:3-4 says “They seem here to complain of two things – excessively laborious service through Jeroboam 1Kings 11:28, and a heavy taxation. At first it is supposed Solomon employed no Israelite in drudgery: afterwards, when he forsook the God of compassion, he seems to have used them as slaves, and to have revived the Egyptian bondage.”
- Sunburnt 1:6
- Born Again 1:5-7 with 8:6 She has a superlative love in her heart. A special grace kind of love that we aren’t born with.
- Outside the covenant 1:7-8 In slavery “beside the flocks of Solomon’s friends” but not in and among them. She wants fellowship with them. How could two walk together unless they be in agreement, A gentile was so far apart from a Jew that they could never be in agreement on any of the main principles of God and life. A Gentile woman would hate to love her husband as God intends because she is only selfish and doesn’t have love in her heart therefore no ability or power to love. Song 8:5-7 would not be possible in a marriage between a Jew and Gentile. Between someone holy and someone unholy. Someone clean and someone unclean.
- She is Gentile with a circumcised heart with the Love of God upon it. She goes from being a hated enemy to being an accepted friend. “my friend” 1:5-9
- Even though a Gentile, alien or foreigner she was still to keep the Law.
“Seven days there shall be no leaven found in your houses; for whoever eats what is leavened, that person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he isan alienor a native of the land.”
- She was a keeper of someone else’s vineyard and not her own. Rightfully owned by another. ?What does he have to do in order to free her? 1:6
- She was not only a vine keeper but also a shepherdess. Song 1:8
- She was being treated like a prostitute 1:7
- The woman in Proverbs 31
Timeline leading up to Song 1:2-4
(Could also be the context)
Sometime before Solomon was crowned king on his wedding day and before his anointing, the Gentile enemy slave, Solomons future bride in the Song, is born again and has “love, the Flame of the LORD” in her. Song 8:6 with 1:5-6 and 1 Kings 9:20-23. She desired him when he was king and Solomon was also crowned king on his wedding day. How could she desire the anointed king in Song 1:4 yet he is not crowned king until one more day later Song 3:11. The answer lies in the fact that there was two crownings.
David’s first son, Adonijah sets himself up as king. Bathsheba goes to David and explains what happened and that Solomon was supposed to be king. 1 Chronicles 22:9, 28:5, 1 Kings 1:17,29-30
Solomon is anointed king, making him the 3rd Messiah of Israel in 1 Kings 1:39. 2nd time is
“All the people greatly rejoice.” 1 Kings 1:40 and Song 1:4 “We will rejoice and delight in you, we will praise your love more than wine.”
She desires to be married to the most desirable “king“. Song 1:2-4 Solomon is the anointed king and she knows it. (The next day she is married to him and he is acknowledged king a second time. 1 Chronicles 29:21-22)
1 Chronicles 28 Davids plan for the temple and God’s promises.
1 Chronicles 29:1-20 gifts to the temple and David’s prayer.
Solomon shepherds, adores, promises and praises the Shulammite. 1st date and to the banquet hall, he proposes Song 2:8-13, they communicate, They get engaged in 2:16
Song 3:1 is night time “on her bed.” She finds Solomon and brings him back to her mother’s house.
“The next day” 1 Chronicles 29:21,22 They make sacrifices and “acknowledge Solomon son of David as king a second time.” This second time is the same as Song 3:11 when they crowned Solomon “king on his wedding day.”
Timeframe of the Song
Meaning from the time she is first desiring the clsoesest intimacy possible with her new king, Israel’s Messiah, The day she believed God’s promises and the day she desired to be Married to Him is the same day. Song 1:2-4 to her not wanting the Daughers of Jerusalem to judge her as an enemy of Go. 1:6 to the shepherd king and the one he is courting meet From proposal to engagement. From engagement to wedding. To wedding night to the next morning when she is still in bed but he was up early the next morning before light and during the night still he comes back and she would rather stay in bed than get her feet dirty in the night. To finding him in the garden. Getting praised by him, beheld in beauty by the Daughters, After praising her he goes to look for the fruit of holiness or humility of heart under praise, ?he see’s it and it reminds him of or his desire is fulfilled like being set over the chariots of his people. Her mind is on him and he knows he is on her mind from Song 5:10-16. This is being set over the chariots.?
From unbelief to faith
To desiring to be married to the king.
From the kings first crowning (day 1) to the wedding and crowning day” (day 2) meaning to the wedding day (day 2) to the second crowning (day 2) to the day she finds him in the garden to “before he realized it” His mind to “Come back, come back…” to the vineyards to “leaning on her beloved” 1st coming to 4th coming of Israel’s Messiah.
During Solomon’s reign of peace as Israel’s Messiah after David
- A time of messianic hope. All who believed the truth were waiting for a king who would bring about a new heavenly earth like Edenic like times. Expecting a king to bring peace on earth and good will to all, not just the Jewish Nation but Gentiles as well. For a king that would endure forever. Ps. 89:21,29. God’s beloved son, king of peace, son of David, Israel’s Messiah but hoped to be The Messiah based on Davids prayer so that there would be a Messiah on the throne in Israel forever. She desired Israel’s Messiah and king because his character was holy and a close intimate relationship with him would be more delightful than wine. Had she doubted who he was and the promises about David’s son or heir she would not desire him so ardently. He was the most desirable husband for a true believer thats why all the maidens properly desired him as well. Psalm 72 , the temple and peace on earth when God comes to dwell with man in the holy of holies. They desired him to be theirs. Their possession for love delights in the possession of the one He loves.
A time when Messiah was single and thus anyone marrying him would be one with Israel’s Messiah so then the woman would be greatly blessed more highly favored than any other woman in the world due to who she was married to. And if he wasn’t The Messiah then she may give birth to the Messiah thus bringing about salvation to all through her son!! What a great privilege it would be to be married to the son of David who was just anointed king and thus Israel’s Messiah.
Context of Genesis to the Song. Expecting The Messiah. Hoping Solomon who was a messiah to possibly be The Messiah.
- Peace not war. The curses where being reversed through the person and work of Israel’s current messiah, Solomon. And made possible by the Person and work of the coming Messiah. A time when Israel and surrounding Gentile Nations experienced physical and spiritual peace and rest for 40 years. 1 Kings 5:4, 1 Chronicles 22:9, 1 Kings 11:42. “During Solomon’s lifetime Judah and Israel, from Dan to Beersheba, lived in safety, everyone under their own vine and under their own fig tree.” 1 Kings 4:25 The abundance of peace marked a type of destruction of Satan. A type of reversal of the spiritual curse of enmity. The Messiah would crush Satan Gen. 3:15. Solomon didn’t destroy Satan completely but hindered his evil work by the preaching of peace with God through union and communion in love with the coming Messiah and current Messiah and the peoples faith in him/Him.
Due to Solomon’s worshiping other god’s, God promised to split the kingdom after Solomon’s death 1 Kings 11:12
Imagine the cursed of Gen. 3:14-19 being reversed by God’ love to His people through the king of kings. Spiritual and physical revival at its best. Image going from Dt. 28:15-68 to Dt. 28:2-14 from a time of blessing mixed with curses under David to a greater time of blessing during Solomon’s reign.
?A time of peace and not war. David was to destroy all God’s enemies Dt. 7:1, 20:17, Josh. 3:10, 9:1 and 2 Samuel 12:10 “the sword shall never depart from” David’s house, because he despised God and took the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be his wife.?
Joshua experience peace 400 years earlier from all enemies and fulfillment of God’s promises as well Josh. 21:43-45
- A time when the Gentile enemies of God did the slave labor and were sunburnt. 1 Kings 9:20-23, 1 Kings 5:14 with Song 1:6. Israel rested while the enemies of God did all the work. This is key to understanding who the bride is. She was a Gentile sunburnt enemy slave girl before she was queen and a wife of Israel’s Messiah. They were also “scourged with whips” 1 Kings 12:11,14 Adoniram was in charge of forced labor. 1 Kings 12:18. It was common to have the “foreigners” do the hard labor like David did in 1 Chronicles 22:2 She enslaved by her mother’s sons and not yoked to another who would help her with her God given duties of taking care of her own vineyard? Apart from God’s flame of Love being in her she was not capable or willing to do her God given duties of taking care or guarding her own vineyard. Had he mind been guarded from sin, Satan and lies she would have taken care of her heart and would have thus taken care of her physical vineyard.
- The government of the Nations was upon Solomon’s shoulders. The Jewish kingdoms were united and the Gentile Nations were ruled by one king of kings, Solomon. In his lifetime there was “no equal among kings” 1 Kings 3:13. The government of the nation was on the shoulders of Solomon in a Theocratic Monarchy and all the people obeyed him. 1 Chronicles. 29:23, 1 Kings 4. The “officials and all the people obeyed his every command.” 1 Chronicles 28:21. The kingdom was united. Solomon united Nations under him and God through the love and “the law of Moses”. The extent of His reign was 1 Kings 4:20-21.
- The promised land was the “most beautiful” Ez. 20:6,15. The land was being renewed to being like paradise on earth. The land was “good” 1 Chronicles 28:8 but Solomon made it better. Joshua called the land “good” because of the blessings that came with God’s promises. Dt. 28:8 The most beautiful roses grew there. Song 2:1 Marking a physical reversal of the curse. ***Joel 1:12,2:3,12-14 God’s kingdom ruled by the king/King on God’s throne in Jerusalem was coming here on earth as it was in heaven at a very rapid pace. A time returning to eden. Jer. 31:2,5 “again” ?James Hamilton quotes? Doing what was right would get back the covenant blessings of God when under his curse. 2 Sam. 16:12
The future Messianic Kingdom with have “fruit of the land” as the survivors “adornment”
- The beginning of the Song marks a time when Solomon was just crowned king, single and all the virgin maidens desired to be married to him. Song 1:2-4
- A time when the love of Israel’s Messiah was delighted in, praised and remembered more than wine. Song 1:3-4 and their service to God was done “joyfully and gladly” while their enemies weren’t attacking. Dt. 28:47
- A time when Solomon’s character was praiseworthy and his name was like perfume poured out. A time when Solomon was “fully” devoted to the LORD. 1 Kings 11:4. A time when the king Israel’s anointed Messiah was living out his names, “Jedidiah”, meaning “beloved” of God. and Solomon, Messiah to whom peace belongs, bringer of peace through union and communion with him/Him. 2 Sam 12:24-25. Israel new messiah was the son of David, messiah, prophet, priest, beloved son of God, and king of peace lived up to his full potential until the end of his life when he got “old” 1 Kings 11:4 “As Solomon grew old, his wives turned his heart after other gods, and his heart was not fully devoted to the Lordhis God, as the heart of David his father had been.5 He followed Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, and Molek the detestable god of the Ammonites.6 So Solomon did evil in the eyes of the Lord; he did not follow the Lordcompletely, as David his father had done.”
1 Kings 3:1 “Now Solomon loved the Lord, walking in the statutes of his father David”
- When all the promises of God were fulfilled. 1st promise is that one of David’s sons would sit on the throne of Israel 1 Kings 3:6, 8:25 “David’s own flesh and blood would establish his kingdom” on earth. 2 Sam. 7:12 2nd promise was rest for His people. God would provide a place for Israel and “plant them” so that they would not have to wander anymore. 1 Kings 8:56. 3rd They will not be disturbed, wicked people will not oppress them. 2 Sam 7:10 with verse?? 4th “Rest from all their enemies.” 7:11 5th “the temple would be built for God’s Name” 2 Sam. 7:13 6th God will be his father 7:14 7th He will be His son. 7:14 “beloved son” 2 Sam. 7:14 with 2 Sam. 12:24-25 “Jedidiah” Solomon’s other name that means “beloved of God” therefore Solomon was God’s beloved son who will build the temple. 1 Chronicles 28:2, 22:9. 8th Interesting also that God promises to punish him if he sins, yet the punishment happens not in his lifetime. 2 Sam 2:14 with 1 Kings 11:12. 9th promise to David’s son is that God love would “never be taken away from him”
- God’s promises to Moses were fulfilled. “Not a word has failed of all the good promises He gave through Moses.” Solomon would have been aware of these promises through the “Law” 1 Kings 2:3
- Solomon already had great wealth inherited from David. Ecclesiastes 2:8. “Peculiar treasure,” Solomon speaks here of the “peculiar treasure” of other kings. Solomon had the royal treasures of many countries or provinces in his possession that David his father had gotten by his conquests. David’s hand “found as a nest” (as is said of the king of Assyria, Isaiah 10:14) JE
After the death of Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son and successor to the throne of Israel, all the other Israelite tribesmade David, who was then the king of Judah, king of a re-united Kingdom of Israel. The Book of Kings follows the expansion and unparalleled glory of the United Monarchy under King Solomon.
- A time of blessing and not curses. Israel was under Mosaic Law and their were blessings for obedience and curses for disobedience. Solomon ruled the kingdom in righteousness and justice. He also knew the curses for disobedience and also how Israel could be restored by faith and repentance. 2 Chronicles 6:24-31. And get forgiveness of sin. God’s anger would not abide on them anymore if they “pray toward” the temple. That is in faith believing that a spotless substitute would suffer for their sins. The idea that they were saved by faith in the person and work of the coming Messiah and not by works. They must pray toward the temple Solomon had built for God’s name. Meaning it was only through the person and work of the coming Messiah that made it possible for Israel to be blessed and forgiven after sinning.
Scene by scene flow.
Courtship, proposal, engagement, wedding, laboring in love then a practical full union of hearts is achieved, she is fully satisfying to him in every way, the king wants to hear what every married couple has to say who dwell in their respective gardens.
To know God. God is love. To know and sense Him in your heart. You have to put yourself in her shoes in order to feel what she is feeling!
How do we get to a proper application?
- Exposit the text. Get the main idea or principle. Apply that principle to a Gentile, king, shepherd, friend, husband, courtship, marriage, believer in the coming Messiah.
- When applying it to the believer at the time of Solomon one must argue from the lesser lover to the Greater. God is love and the example of love. Husband were to love their wives as God loved Israel. ?I don’t say husbands are to love their wives as the coming Messiah loved believing Jews, although the love is the same.? Loving, Faithfulness in keeping promises, providing, protecting from enemies, Mutual giving or possession “I will be their God and they will be my people”, not being angry when she sins. Hosea 3:1 Since the bride displayed her love to Solomon by earnestly desiring a closer more intimate relationship with Him, “How much more so” ought the Jew to desire a closer more intimate relationship with Yahweh.
- The wife is to think of how Israel was supposed to love YHWH and then love and submit to their husbands in like manner. And husband were to love their wives as God has loved Israel. Hosea 3:1. The idea has never changed. God’s love was always the standard in marriage.
For Courtship, for marriage, for the believer.
Getting to Jesus Christ in the “use of information”
Views on the Song of Songs
“No doubt, as Delitzsch has observed, “no other book of Scripture has been so much abused by an unscientific spiritualizing and an over-scientific unspiritual treatment.” But the errors of commentators are generally gropings towards the light. The truth is more likely to be found in the mean between the two extremes. The allegorist gives the reins to his fancy and ends in absurdities; the literalist shuts himself up in his naturalism and forfeits the blessing of the Spirit. We trust that the following Exposition will show that there is a better way.”
Spence-Jones, H. D. M. (Ed.). (1909). Song of Solomon(p. xxiv). London; New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
My view on Solomons Song of Songs.
An allegorical approach to the Song would be characterized by the abstraction of the text from its historical meaning followed by the pursuit of an edifying, and perhaps fanciful, interpretation. As Tremper Longman notes, the two errors of the allegorists were the suppression of the emphasis on human love in the Song and the imposition of arbitrary meanings. While an interpretation of the Song that reads into it either the relationship between Yahweh and Israel or the relationship between Christ and the church may indeed have its rightful place, it is not sought here. James Hamilton
In marriage two spouses become one by loving one another. God is love. Any love in any marriage at any time comes from God and is a part of God and is reciprocated back to God in our obedience. Love in a marriage between two non believers is a common love. Love in a marriage between two believers is a special love that has a sanctifying effect and God as it main object of affection.
“No other book of Scripture has been so much abused, by an unscientific spiritualizing, and an over-scientific unspiritual treatment, as this has. Luther says, at the close of his exposition: Quodsi erro, veniam meretur primus labor, nam aliorum cogitationes longe plus absurditatis habent. To inventory the maculatur of these absurdities is a repulsive undertaking, and, in the main, a useless labour, from which we absolve ourselves. KD”
The Love Song doesn’t speak directly about Jesus Christ but only by analogy. Something about the king of kings love to the bride is similar to how Jesus, who is King of kings loves his bride. The love and wisdom of Jesus is greater. Matt. 12:42. See the analogy and argue from the lesser to the greater lover.
- Cf. Fox, Song of Songs, 250: ‘‘How then did a song of this sort become holy scripture? We do
not know.’’ Fox goes on to suggest, ‘‘It may be enough to postulate that the Song, though not intrin- sically religious, was sung as part of the entertainment and merrymaking at feasts and celebrations, which would naturally take place for the most part on holidays in the religious calendar. . . . When (according to this hypothesis) the Song had worked its way into the people’s religious life and had thus acquired a certain aura of sanctity, the religious leadership legitimized that association by means of allegorical interpretation’’ (252). I find this suggestion implausible at best.
12 Cf. Duane A. Garrett, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs (NAC; Nashville: Broadman, 1993), 365: ‘‘The best interpretation of Song of Songs is that it is what it appears to be: a love song.’’ I would stress that the instructions for human love are to be derived from the Song’s picture of the messianic king. The picture of the ideal messianic king who overcomes the curses does have the secondary effect of inspiring others to pursue the kind of relationship depicted in the Song, but in my view the Song’s primary purpose is to celebrate the glory of the Davidic king. This focus will naturally also benefit those who are blessed to behold this picture of the beauty of the consumma- tion of God’s promises. 13 Murphy, Song of Songs, 94-95. 14 For a history of the discussion of the messianism of the OT, see Ronald E. Clements, ‘‘The
Messianic Hope in the Old Testament,’’ JSOT 43 (1989): 3-19. I am increasingly convinced that the OT is a messianic document, written from a messianic perspective, to sustain a messianic hope. I am advocating this as a historical perspective, not an allegorical one. Not all early Christian inter- pretation of the OT was allegorical. For a beautiful treatment of the desire to be the mother of the hoped-for seed of Abraham, the Messiah, see Jacob of Serugh’s ‘‘Verse Homily on Tamar.’’ For translation and commentary of this lovely piece of early Christian literature/interpretation, see Sebastian Brock, ‘‘Jacob of Serugh’s Verse Homily on Tamar (Gen. 38),’’ Le Museon 115 (2002): 279-315.
Any idea of the messiah in the Song is but a reflection or mere shadow of the greater Messiah. Truth in the heart. Jesus will be King of Kings on earth. Jesus will be fully human, therefore any true idea of Solomon apart from his sin is a right idea of the coming Messiah.
- Canonization I would contend, however, that Roland Murphy is right to conclude that ‘‘the eventual canonization of the work . . . can best be explained if the poetry originated as religious rather than secular literature.’’In other words, combining the insights of Murphy and Sailhamer, the Song of Songs is in the canon because it was written from a messianic perspective in order to nourish a messianic hope.14 By having a king be the greatest type of Christ display his love to God’s people and his bride. This Song does it better than any other.
- To tell of the messiahs love for his bride and God’s people. The king of kings, the king of peace was the king in Jerusalem who sat on the throne of God in His Kingdom here on earth similar to as it is in heaven. and ruled the nations, guided by unmeasurable wisdom and driven by the Love of God in his heart. 8:6
- I do not see this as a trio or love triangle where Solomon is trying to flatter the bride away from her true shepherd lover. But I take the Song in the historical literal view and see it as illustrating a perfect marriage. Thus it teaches, corrects, rebukes and trains men and women to properly love God and each other in marriage. Therefore you can’t read Solomon’s sins into the Love Song unless Solomon is sinning in the Song. The only thing you could see beloved above all other beloved and chief husband among ten thousand 5:10 do anything possibly sinful in the Song is in 5:2-4. You could make an argument that Solomon should have waited a bit longer for her to get to the door. So you could say he was impatient. Put the point of that section 5:2-6:10 for her to learn quicker obedience all the time, for she learns to give herself completely to him in 6:10 “I am my beloved’s”. She could say she was all her beloved’s positionally in the marriage but practically speaking in 5:2-5 she wasn’t living it out for she didn’t want to deny herself a little in order to enjoy his presence. God would have wanted her to open for her beloved as soon as he calls her do do something.
- Solomon does not sin till the end of his life 1 Kings 11:4. I believe this Song was written before Solomon was “old. This is either Solomon’s first wife and she matures quite quickly and the Song ends and the marriage is still going. Or its his first wife Plus there is only 2-3 scenes after the marriage. Not all of the marriage is recorded. Plus the crowning in 3:11 and Solomon being only a child when he became king strongly suggests that this is his first love. The purpose of the song is to illustrate Love in 4 stages of union and communion. The purpose wasn’t to illustrate all of Solomon’s life. Solomon went after other women late in his life, it says when he was “old” 1 Kings 11:4.
- Solomon is praising his wife’s noble character consistent with Proverbs 31:28-30 and not trying to flatter her and steal her away from her true shepherd lover.
- Solomon had a good name at the time of the Song, which is why all the other women desired to be married to him as well.
- Solomon was the king which fits a literal interpretation. The king was who she wanted Song 1:2-4 because his “name” was like perfume poured out. The king had a good name and all the single ladies desired to marry him. And it was right for them to do so, I mean what single lady would not desire the king of Israel, their messiah who was gifted with unmeasurable wisdom 1 Kings 4:29 to be her husband.
- How do we get to Christ?
- By type. Principle truths then can be exposited from the text and then application made to a husband and wife. Then you argue from the lesser type to the Greater Anti-type Matt. 12:42. The types were meant to point to Christ. The king of peace in the Song is a type of Christ in many ways. In the Song the husband is the wisest king, good shepherd of her heart, faithful high priest, intercessor, beloved and friend just to name a few. Solomon was a wise king yet the KING of kings, Jesus Christ is Greater Matt. 12:42
- By illustration. Or you see a text like “Husbands love your wife as Christ loved the church” then see how Christ loved the church and see the illustration in the Song. See how the Greater Messiah loved his Bride and see the illustration in the Song how the lesser messiah loved his bride.
- By analogy. The king of peace loved his wife which is analogous to Christ’s love to the Church.
- Oneness. The main theme of the Song is oneness in marriageSong 8:5-6
- I am his and he is mine. Now if either one disobeys God then the union does not grow stricter. Song meant to display the most intimate love of God to both His Bride’s. To Christ for he is united or one with the Father, therefore here is an infinitely strict union. The two are one. Bond together by the LOVE of God 8:5-6
- This Holy Love that unites the two is the “very Flame of the LORD” 8:6
- A Special Love from God for God is the “First and the Last”
- The love shared between the two is something of God. They partake of His Nature for God is Love. “Through Him”
- The love is returned to God. Out of their love to God they love each other. Love is not complete until it is reciprocated. This love makes their union with God stricter, thus making their union with each other stricter and more blessed or happy all to the Glory of God. “Let them be one as We are One” Herein God is the “Last”
- The Song has a beginning, 4 stages of union and communion, a marriage in the middle and an end. The 4 stages are separated by the same phrase in 2:7, 3:5 and 8:4. The Song of Songs illustrates how two enemies overcome their enmity toward God and each other through their union and communion in love. Through her union and holy communion with the son of God, the king of peace in love the two who are positionally one practically become one. 8:5-7. The phases of growth in union can be compared to the First Stage is teaching, 2nd is correcting 3rd is rebuking 4th is continuing in righteousness. God’s beloved son on His throne in Jerusalem was the wisest teacher, loving and good shepherd of her heart. 2 Sam. 12:25. 2 Chronicles 9:8, 1:4, 1:7-2:7, correcting and learning sincerity of heart and how to hold him tight 3:4, Then the wedding and she is flawless. She has learned and been corrected and is ready for all lives challenges in marriage. She knows her role, she is his. There is no excuse for disobedience. But a lot to obey. Learning to obey sooner not matter what and getting rebuked when you fall short because you should know better by now. From 5:2-8:4. Each phase gives us a better idea of the Love of God in marriage. Love will manifest itself in feelings, thoughts, words and actions in a marriage. These two do it the best! See the greatest love on display for their love was unquenchable, nothing could stop it, not even death it is a most vehement flame.
- I also believe nearly every commentary I have read misses the fact that the bride was a sunburnt enemy of Godleft over from David reign. So the king had her in slavery before they got engaged. Song 1:6, 1 Kings 9:20-23
- Solomon’s Song of Songs is an owners manual for courtship and marriage. And its sad to say that so many Christian courtships and marriages could be much more blessed with a proper reading and application of the truths in the Song. Go here for principals of Biblical Courtship in the Song of Songs.
- To read Solomon’s sins at end life into the Song would be eisegesis not exegesis. Solomon does nothing wrong in the Song he is the example of how a husband ought to love his wife.
- The love in the Song is not mainly an erotic love. Love in marriage.
- Who is talking
- What view do I take? Solomon, the Messiah, the king of peace marries a born again Gentile slave girl and the two get as close as the soul or heart is to the body due to a love above all other loves being in their hearts.
- Trio. Solomon. Christ and the Church. God and Israel.
- Is this a time when Solomon was promiscuous? Is the man in the Song an exemplary husband?
- Who is the bride?
Summary of Solomon’s reign
Once David had consolidated the Israelite empire, under the guidance of God he chose his son Solomon Israel’s next Messiah. The reign of the king of kings became truly legendary. Under Solomon’s rule on God’s throne in Jerusalem, Israel reached the pinnacle of spiritual and physical wealth and power. Tragically, the glory of Solomon’s kingdom barely outlasted his own lifetime 1 Kings 11:4.
Eisegesis verses exegesis
Eisegesis is reading into the text information that is not there nor intended by the author/Author. Exegesis is pulling out of the text the meaning without reading into it any other notion, but rather getting truth out of the text verses reading information into the text. Many people read Solomon’s sins he committed when “old” into the Song and make Solomon out to be a sex craved, flattering rich king. Turning the admirations and praiseworthy compliments Solomon makes in the Song into flattery as if he were trying to woo the Shulammite away from her true lover the shepherd.
Small h/H. My use of small letters and Capitals. In order to see the Height, depth, breadth and length of God’s Love in union and communion with Him in one sentence. Basically there is a basic principle taught in the text that applies to the husband/Husband.
Keeping to the context, king, shepherd, beloved, friend, one whom my heart loves, king of peace, or just saying “those who rejoice in the kings love” in Song 1:4 because whoever is speaking is a little unclear. Or keeping the context in speaker i.e..
Everyone who delights to behold her beauty says,
13 Come back, come back, O Shulammite;
come back, come back, that we may gaze on you!
Most commentators debate about who is talking. I stick with what is clear. So I don’t say her friends, or maidens or husband but will say “the ones who delight to behold the beauty of the bride desire for her to come back from being among his royal chariots.
When the sense of God’s love seems to change to a sense of His displeasure. When Love of God is not being felt nor His Beauty beheld. God seems to hide his face. You feel forsaken but you are not. When we get prideful we will fall or sin. When we sin it is our fault, yet at the same time God’s Spirit of Love is not being completed in us. The Spirits influence in our hearts was quenched by our pride, unbelief and selfishness. We don’t lose our salvation but the sensible influences of God’s Spirit are like flashes. Meaning there was a flash in 1:2-2:7 that ended in a desertion indicated by their separation between 2:7 and 2:8 for she says “Listen, look here he comes” The one she loves is on his way closer to her. So this is sometime after the banquet hall in 2:5-6 where she is passed out in his arms. Which means they were close in 2:6 and apart but coming closer together in 2:8 but only by his drawing nearer and advancing toward her while she is in her mother’s house. Clearly when the bride is obeying and in constant holy communion with her husband/Husband then the flame of the LORD is at work in their hearts. But if she is feeling separated then surely this is a spiritual desertion for our sins separate us from God. When she is not obeying her husband/Husband it is because her sin is separating her from obedience to her husband/Husband. Obviously if God who is Love is flashing in the hearts of both bride and bridegroom then so is the influence of the Spirit of God. A spiritual desertion is when the flash isn’t flashing. Song 8:6-7
God leaves us to test us and see if we love Him. 2 Chronicles 32:31
The bride did something noble in the previous verses and therefore is worthy of the praise. Prov. 31:28-30
The bride learned to stay more and more humble under greater and greater praises.
She is worthy of all of them, therefore they are not flattery. Proverbs 12:8 “A person is praised according to their prudence, and one with a warped mind is despised.”
If I just write the verse (1:4 or 6:10) it means Im quoting from Solomon’s Song of Songs.
My use of phrases and words
“King of peace” or “king to whom peace belongs”
Solomon was faithful up until he was old. 1 Kings 11:4. Many people have wrong or don’t know enough about Solomon in order to a right understanding of the superlative character of the anointed king of Israel. Many read Solomon’s sinful life into his early life. The Jew living at the time of Solomon had right and high views of him, his “name was like perfume poured out” this is why he was so desirable. Solomon’s sins of his later life marred his character making it more of a stench rather than like perfume, but at the time of the Love Song Solomon was known as Israels Messiah who was gifted with unmeasurable wisdom and was fully devoted to God, and would bring peace to all Israel guided by his unmatched wisdom and love for God. Solomon even before he was born was prophesied to bring peace and rest to Israel and build the temple during his reign. 1 Chronicles 22:9
In their translation of the Song, the Chumash translates Solomon’s name to mean “the king to whom peace belongs” The literal translation is Solomon but in their translation they put what they think to be the meaning. Now the meaning is correct. What people would have thought in their minds when they heard the name “Solomon” would be thoughts of someone who would be their Messiah and would bring peace on earth and goodwill to all nations, both Jew and Gentile their their union and communion with him in love. Therefore I often times don’t like to use the name Solomon when speaking of him but more often than not like to use other phrases like “king to whom peace belongs” or Jedidiah, Solomon’s other name meaning “beloved of God”.
king/King Just think of the way in which it would be true in a right exposition of the Song and then also how it would be true somewhere else in Scipture. Both are true but the Song is explicitly only teaching about the king and not The King.
One with the Bride. The Son was One with the bride from all Eternity past on one sense and separate in another. One is capitalized because it is an infinitely strict union and Eternal because the bride will forever be getting closer to the Bridegroom.
Her faith was in the coming messiah. We know him to be Christ she only knew he would be her substitute for sin by understanding the promises of God and the types of Christ illustrated in the temple and in the lives of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. etc. She had an idea of Christ that was true to some degree. Many things were left a mystery, but they did believe God when He made promises like Abraham believed God and it was credited to him as righteousness. They knew salvation was by faith and not by works. Her faith was in Christ, we just know far more about what that means than she did. Although her husband Solomon had unmeasurable wisdom 1 kings 4:23 he was only the greatest type of Christ alive yet still Jesus Christ was Greater Matt. 12:42. Jesus Christ in pre-incarnate for was the Angel that guided israel and spoke to them, they were to pay attention and listen to what he/He says Ex. 23:21 and God’s Name Jahweh will be in him/Him. She may of had an idea that her Redeemer would be God who would be a substitute for her sin as Abraham sacrificed Isaac who was a human and Abraham believe God would raise him from the dead and Abraham understood this as a type (Hebrews something)
My use of the word bride of Bride.
When I use bride with a same b, I usually mean a woman who will be married or is married to a man.
My use of the word Messiah’s
There is her current Messiah, Solomon. There is the coming Messiah, Jesus Christ.
She would be at peace with him/Him through her faith in and love to the coming Messiah’s. Solomon was the coming Messiah of Israel. Crowned as a child when David was dying then crowned a “second time” 1 Chron. 29:22 as a married king in Song 3:11. In between that time period the bride had faith in God. She believed the promises of God and had love to His king. What is of value is faith expressing itself in love. She was in love with the greatest type of Christ alive! Therefore even though previously she was his enemy now they were friends. And even though she had neglected all her duties before God now she tends her vineyard. She used to fear God’s king on the throne in Jerusalem but now she loves him. She would be at peace with him, Solomon. She would be at peace with God, because she believed His promises pertaining to the person and work of the coming Messiah that would give himself for her as a substitute for her sins. This is illustrated by God’s providing a substitute that did not sin, who died and who’s clothing covered Adams sin and shame. Surely she had faith because she had a true unquenchable “love” “as strong as death” 8:5-7 She would be at peace with him/Him through her faith in and love to the coming Messiah’s. Solomon was soon to be Messiah because he was crowned yet David was still alive, so the coming Messiah would be Solomon, the king of peace, Jedidiah, the beloved son of God 2 Sam 12:25. Put another way, the bride in between Song 1:2-4 and when Solomon was crowned in 3:11, the bride had faith in two different Messiah’s coming. Solomon, Israels third Christ, and type of the coming Christ would soon be ruling on “God’s throne in Jerusalem” and bring peace on earth and rest to God’s people in the promised land. Solomon was not The Messiah but a Messiah of Israel. The greatest king who had no equal.
There were promises from God given to David about Solomon. If she believed those promises then she believed God and it would be credited her as righteousness. Gen. 16:5.
She believed those promises at his anointing Song 1:2-3 with 2 Sam 7.
When I use the word Bride with a Capital “B” in Bride, I mean THE BRIDE OF THE SON OF GOD. The woman is the Song of Songs is the Bride of the Son of God. All whom Jesus Christ died for were given to the Son before the world began. God gave the Son of God, His Word a Bride. John 6:37, 10:39. Therefore before the world began God gave Abraham, Moses, Joshua, Solomon, the Shulammite, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, all believers in the Bible and in the future to His Son before the world began. Your where chosen in Christ before the world began to be His Bride. The church is believers after Christ died and the Bride of the Son of God is believers of all time, including you if you are a believer living for the Son of God who died for you. In this context I am intentionally using the title “Son of God” because that’s how we mainly know the Second Person of the Trinity before the world began. Or we know the Second Person of the Trinity as the “Word of God” John 1:1. The Father gave the Son a Bride. The First Person of the Trinity gave the Second Person of the Trinity a Bride. The Father gave the Son a Bride to reveal His Beauty to thus irresistibly calling them to Himself in Love. So I would say that true believers or true believing Jews were the Bride of the Son of God before the world began John 6:37, 10:39, but I would not say that true believing Jews were the Bride of Jesus Christ for God’s Son didn’t get the name Jesus until he put on flesh, but I would say that Israel as a nation was a “wife” or Bride of God in another sense. God as Israel’s Husband.
I do this so as to not confuse the idea that the Song of Songs is an allegory of Christ and the Church. The Song is not an allegory but certainly has many beautiful illustrations analogous to or illustrating God’s love to Israel, the Son of God’s love to His Bride, and the union and communion between Jesus Christ and the church.
The bride love Israel’s Messiah’s
My use of the phrase Messiah’s in the sentence “The bride loved Israel’s Messiah’s”
King of Peace
My use of God’s beloved son the king of peace. Solomon’s name means “king of peace” or king to who peace belongs. Solomon’s other name was Jedidiah because the LORD loved him. 2 Sam. 12:24-25. Solomon/Jedidiah was a Type of Jesus Christ, meaning that some things about Solomon are very similar to Jesus Christ. Some things are similar about Jedidiah and the Son of God, of whom both are united to the Bride in the Song, yet differing in manner and degree of union and communion. Therefore I delight in making statements that easily help you to see the similarity between the love God’s beloved son the king of peace, Israel’s messiah has to his Bride and the Love God’s Beloved Son has for His Bride. Then for proper application you argue from the lesser messiah’s love to the Greater Messiah Matt. 12:42. The Bride in the Song of Songs is a Gentile enemy slave girl who inherits God’s kingdom through union and communion in love with God’s beloved son the king of peace, Israel’s messiah and good shepherd.
Marriage as a type
The purpose of marriage.
Marriage is an institution of God. The institutions of marriage by God was for their good and God’s glory. Define the good and give examples of it illustrated in the Song. Anyones greatest good wether married or not is God. The greatest good is God. God gave Himself to and for us in the Person of His Son by the Power of the Holy Spirit. God is love. To know love is to know God. To define love would be to define the Nature of God or define God, therefore you see no definition of Love in the Bible but only the fruits of it. The fruit of the Spirit.. Love is patient, so when we see someone being patient we get some idea of love, therefore some idea of God. A fruit of love to God in the heart is patience in trials. Here we have what God’s character is like but God being Patient isn’t a complete thought giving us a perfect idea of Him but a reflection of His Glory can be beheld in the face of the coming Christ. Here you have Solomon as a type of Christ. King. Husband. Friend. Bridegroom.
God’s love to Israel, Christ’s love to the Church, Christ’s love to the individual believer. Find the principle teaching of the text and make your application, Arguing from the lesser to the Greater Messiah Matt. 12:42
Intimacy is be both physical and spiritual, for you can’t separate the two. True intimacy involves the heart. No growing outward intimacy is truly praiseworthy unless its from a pure heart.
Imagine being married to a man who soul purpose in life is to be a Type of Christ?
as argues the former to be a type of the latter.
Interpretations of the Song of Solomon are many, but may be broadly divided into two classes. the typical and the literal. The typical approach sees in the Song a picture of divine love, the basic theme of the Bible. Indeed, the Bible often compares God’s love to the most intimate of human loves – that of a man and his bride. In the Old Testament, God’s love for Israel is so described in Jeremiah 2:1-3, Ezekiel 16 and 23 and Hosea 1-3, whereas Christ’s love for the church is seen in the New Testament using the same metaphor in 2 Corinthians 11. 2, Ephesians 5:25-32 and Revelation 19:6-8. Further, adultery is often used to picture spiritual departure from God; it is even used allegorically by Solomon in Proverbs 1-9 to picture the path of the person turning from God’s ways. Significantly, the only other love-song in the Bible, Psalm 45, is quoted in the New Testament and applied to the person of Christ,1 thus showing that such a typical treatment of love is valid.
Israels union and communion with Yahweh was grounded in the person/Person and work of the Angel Ex. 23:20-23 for God’s Name Yahweh was in Him. The “LORD” alone led them and nourished them from the rock/Rock the Song Moses sang Dt. 32:12-13 and that Rock was Christ 1 Cor. 10:4. This Angel who was God and LORD was seen by Sampson’s parents offering Himself up in the fire of the sacrifice. Judges 13:16-23. Israels devotion to the LORD during this time is compared to that of a bride to her husband/Husband Jer. 2:1-3 and Isaiah 54:5-6. In the Song Isaiah sings in 5:7 Israel God’s bride is also compared to a vineyard. So now you have God depicting Israel as both his devoted bride and a vineyard that ought to produce fruit.
Solomon, the greatest type of Christ alive.
Marriage was instituted to illustrate Christ’s Eternal oneness with His Bride. Eph. 5:30-32 (Edwards images and shadows 5,9,12,56)
The point of a Type is to get how or in what ways is the Type like the Anti-type then argue from the lesser Type to the greater. Not to forget they Types but to understand them properly. They were to point us to understand Jesus Christ better. We understand an earthly king easier than a heavenly king but there are similarities between the two that help us understand the beautiful and peaceful reign of Jesus Christ.
Solomon was a type of Christ in that he married a gentile enemy slave girl. Herein we see an illustration of God calling his bride to peace with Himself through union and communion with His beloved son, the king of peace, the coming messiah. Similar to the shalom experience by the king of peace and all those in his kingdom.
Doctrine in the Song
Doctrinal truths about Marriage and the doctrine of love in the Song of Songs.
Doctrine illustrated in the Song of Songs
Love is delightful. Song 1:2, 4:10
Love is Sovereign Song 2:7, 3:5, 8:3
Love desires Song 2:7, 3:5, 8:3
Love is strong, like death.
Loves jealousy is severe, like the grave.
Love sparks or flames up.
Loves flame is a vehement flame.
Loves flame can’t be quenched.
Love can’t be bought.
- God instituted marriage to glorify himself by the union of two to illustrate love and thus be a reflection of His Glory. His Love. His love for them. His love in them, to the praise of His love it endures forever. The Song of Songs is a love poem set in a marriage context between Israel’s Messiah and a Gentile enemy slave girl. Seeing the husband love his wife gives us an illustration of God’s love to His Son and the Son’s love to the ones God gave Him before the foundation of the world to be His bride.God’s design for marriage was to reflect His Glory. God’s Glory consists in these three things:
- An outward manifestation of who He is and what He has done, is doing and will do. Something must be seen and know first. Then it must be delighted in.
- Second when the manifestation of His Glory is seen then it must be delighted in. Having Name seen, understood and delighted in, thus we “partake of His nature” as we behold his glory we are transformed from one level of glory to another. 2 Cor. 3:18
- Once seen and partaken of, then their is also a reciprocation of His Love to us in our loving him/Him. An inclination of the heart to choose God as our chief good.
- Praising him/Him
- Highly esteeming him
- Obeying him
- Learning from him
- Trusting him to fulfill his promises
- God is Love.
Context of The Love Song
A time when Israel got their peace and rest. A time of wonderful union, and the most universal peace , love and sweet harmony;
A time when God’s love for Israel was so great that he gave them a great king. 2 Chronicles 9:8
- The Song is a superlative Love Song. A key characteristic of this love poem is that it is the best one Solomon wrote. It stands above the rest in its ability to give a right idea of love. Song of Songs, like holy of holies. This love poem illustrates love better than all the others due to Solomon being a superlative lover and writer. Song 1:1 with 5:9-10