Chapter 7

Wow!   Have you ever read this chapter!!  What adoration, praise and honor to the most beautiful royal and holy bride!!

This is the longest recorded expressions of adoration by Solomon to his bride!!  Solomon gave voice to his bride earlier in the Song as to what he thought of her beauty.  She was “the most beautiful of women”  Song 1:8.   Solomon adores, praises and honors his wife 34 out of 50 of the verses he speaks or communes with his bride.  Here is Solomon praising 10 excellencies of  the princes daughter.  And oh how beautiful they are for she is queen to the king of kings yet she is humble.  The praise ends with mutual communion in love and she realizes she is totally his.  “I am my beloved’s and his desire is for me.”  7:10  This adoration starts at her beautiful feet and move ups to her crowned head.

Song of Solomon 7

She is beautiful both physically and spiritually.   By now her spiritual beauty or holiness consisting in love to God and husband is thru the roof!!  She is royalty and is humble.  How rare is that!!  She is married to the king of kings and it doesn’t go to her head, she still sandals her feet and serves in 7:1  And the credit for all her beauty goes to the Master Craftsman God in7:2  Her moral beauty was her holiness, Solomon delighted in beholding the manifestations of her moral beauty or holiness more than wine, which consisted in her Love to God 8:6, 4:10 Having beautiful royal servants feet. Her holy joy was always full.

These delights, beauties and excellencies that Solomon is adoring are because she is worthy of them. Proverbs 31:28-30.  Most of which can be traced back from lessons learned or good things done from 5:2-6:13.  So 7:1-9 is Solomon praising and adoring the fruits of her love to God and himself.  She is royally beautiful and holy and he lets her know what it is about her that is not only praiseworthy but beautiful and delightful to him.

The praise in 7:1 comes due to what she was doing in 6:11 and 12 and can also be a culminating praise of her growing maturity or stature as well up to this point.

What the particular beauty is like.

Point out the similar excellencies in the comparison.

Additional information to understand the text.

Delight, Beauty or excellency #1 of 15

Fit for a king

7:1 “How beautiful are your feet in sandals,O prince’s daughter!

How Beautiful are your feet in sandals”  She has been working.  Solomon sees her sandaled feet and says they are beautiful.  She has learned her lesson.  She is serving and not lazy like in 5:2-3 and 3:1.  Her feet are the first of 10 excellencies or beauties of the bride.  The first beauty is in 7:1 and the 10th beauty is her hair in 7:5  These beauties draws the attention of Solomon and he admires each one of them.  She sure does have a lot to offer him now and he enjoys it all.

Sandaled feet meant you were also “ready” and prepared. Ex. 12:11

The beauty of ones feet can be dependent upon what they are doing. “How beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news.”  She is not sharing the gospel per se but she is dancing the Mahanaim.

Gentleness?  Power under control.

O prince’s daughter!”  This is a reminder of who she is.  The Song is very relational.  King, shepherd, brother, beloved, friend and probably some other relation terms are used.  It’s import for the husband to know that his wife is a royal holy princes daughter and she should act like one.  Solomon wanted his bride to be reminded of her royal status.  Beautiful, absolutely beautiful to see the princes daughter wearing sandaled feet.  Intimating she was serving, bringing good news for “how beautiful are the feet that bring good news.”  Even though she was royalty she was dressed like a servant.

What love to God and man is here?  She had Love God’s flame in her Song 8:6.  The fruit of that love is that she put sandals on, was humble and didn’t think to highly of herself even though she was royalty.

“Walking barefoot symbolically intimated one of three states: the lack of social status, an act of humility, or reference to the Divine. A common punishment or judgment was being forced to go without shoes.”  Quote here.

This is another complement to her moral character.  She has royal sandaled feet!!  How beautiful they are!  Since she loves God she has holy beautiful royal sandaled feet!  They are one of her delights v.6  (NASB says “charms”  Its also the only one with that translation)  Solomon’s greatest delight is in her holiness.  She is acting consistent with who she is with great faith, love and humility.

The seeming opposite characteristics of royalty yet great humility and condescension in the bride reminds us of Jesus who is King of kings and served us while we were unworthy sinners.  He died for us, demonstrated his love.  Served God perfectly so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

I suppose the opposite would be something like “How ugly and unholy you are, o Satan’ daughter, always and only in your pride your the ruling authority and never serving others, but they all serve you. oh, how ugly you are, my holy eyes can’t look upon such evil with approval.”

The degree of the excellency of the moral beauties of the bride are dependent up how humble she can get even when in the most exalted position of being a princes daughter.  Humility is more beautiful in a queen than in a servant.  Both hearts are beautiful but humility is more beautiful the more royal the position.

Beauty or excellency #2

“The curves of your hips are like jewels,
The work of the hands of an artist.”

After adoring her beautiful royal feet, Solomon moves up to her hips.  Her hips are one of her delightful beauties to behold v. 6.  Something he delights in.  He delights in the curves of her hips.  They are beautiful and precious like jewels.  Not deformed or unpleasant to behold but her curves are delightful.  The proportions are symmetrical and attract his attention due to their beauty.   Not that she is skinny or fat or just right to Solomon but that God made the curves of the hips of a woman to be attractive and beautiful to a man, so we praise God the Artist who formed her that way with great skill.

The curves of her hips are like jewels.  Desirable, certainly properly curved hips would be “desirable” like jewels.  Value, of great worth like diamonds.  The curves of her hips due to their beauty are valuable, precious and of great worth to Solomon like jewels.

Precision.  They are precisely made to be beautiful like jewels.   The idea is that of making something beautiful.  “The work of the hands of an Artist.”  God made her hips beautiful so that they have some sort of power of attraction.  They attracted the eye of Solomon.  Her hips are shaped in a way that makes her desirable.  The form of her hips is lovely and Solomon delights to behold how God carved them out to be beautiful.  She is altogether lovely.

The beauty of the curves of her jewel like hips are the work of the hands of an artist.  God is the artist of the curves of her hips.  God is wise.  He made woman beautiful, attractive to the male.  This is a good thing!!  Some guys talk about are you a leg, butt or chest man.  Usually, a guy may prefer one a little over the other for what he thinks is more beautiful about his wife, but they are all beautiful!  God made them!!  Give God the glory for the beautiful curves that were the work of His Hands.  The work of an artist.  Skill and wisdom.  motivated by love for Goodness sake.  Our good and God’s glory.  We were created to enjoy God and glorify him forever!!  Glorify the Great Artist of the beauty of your wife!!

She certainly isn’t “strutting around with swaying hips” like a prostitute Isaiah 3:16

Delight, Beauty or excellency #3 of 15

7:2 “Your navel is like a round goblet
Which never lacks mixed wine;

This navel of hers is beautiful.  It adorns her with loveliness worthy of admiration by her husband.  Her navel is worthy of admiration due to it’s beauty and excellencies.

Her joy was there, holy and constant!!

  • Her joy was there, never lacking.
  • Her joy was constant.  Never lacking.  There wasn’t a time when she was not joyful.
  • Her joy was holy and of and excellent quality.

 

  1. Her joy was never lacking.  Joy was not missing in her life.  There was no lack to her joy.  She had joy in the Lord.  How beautiful is that!  Solomon saw that she had joy in the LORD and it was beautiful and beautified her, so much so that it was praiseworthy and admirable.   Her joy was never lacking.
  2. Her joy was constant.  Never lacking.  The duration of her joy was always constant.  There wasn’t a time when she was not joyful.  The joy of the LORD was her abiding strength that enabled her to rejoice in the LORD always.  Her navel is similar and compared to a round goblet, that never lacks mixed wine.  Her joy was constant.
  3. Her joy was holy.
  4. Her joy was perfectly suited for its purpose. Her navel does not lack mixed wine.   He is comparing her beautiful navel to a round goblet that isn’t missing anything in order to be used to it’s full potential.  It is delightful for Solomon to possess a wife that is living up to her full potential. 7:6 Her navel was always full of joy!  Not just any kind of joy.  This is mixed wine.  Mixed wine is better than regular wine.  Always full of the best quality of joy!  Holy Joy is the best kind, for it is morally beautiful.  So since Solomon is commenting on her beauty then as her whole self is holy.  She is completely God’s and Solomon’s.  Her joy is in no other.  Her joy is holy.  Since her joy is holy it is delightful to behold because it is beautiful to see someone with holy joy.  Her greatest joy and delight was in holiness.  Holiness which consisted in Love to God.  This holy joy of hers comes form Gods Holy Love in her heart.  Song 8:6
  5. Her delight was of the highest kind or quality.  Better than other delights, “mixed” was better than regular wine.   The intensity of her joy was always there as well.  The intensity of her joy or how much delight she had in God was not lacking. This fits under the quality of joy.  The degree.   Since her joy is of the best quality like “mixed” wine, it would have to have the appropriate degree. Her navel lacked nothing good.  Using idea that wine was assumed to bring great pleasure “mixed wine” would bring even greater pleasure to the senses.

 

Love the flame of the Lord, is a sweet flame.  A flame that produces holy joy.  “The fruit of the Spirit is Love, joy…”  Galatians 5:22  Holy Joy is a manifestation of God’s Holy Love in the heart!

The fact that her navel never lacks wine signifies to us that her joy was always full!!  She could be content like Paul in all situations.  She rejoiced in the LORD always!

Solomon recognized his wife always rejoicing in the LORD through the good times and the bad, she never lacked mixed wine, her joy in the LORD was always full.  Her delight was in the LORD and he gave her the desires of her holy heart and she was satisfied in God alone!

She was fulfilling her purpose in life and the marriage.

The cup never lacked mixed wine.  She was created to enjoy God by glorifying Him!  She was fulfilling her purpose

Her navel.  Is Solomon looking at her physical navel and saying it never lacks physical mixed wine as if her umbilicus or belly button always had physical wine in it?  That would be absurd!  Other euphemistic absurdities have been expressed by various authors who see the book as mostly sexual in nature.  They say her navel is her vagina and the wine is the moisture thereof.

“The infinite love which there is from everlasting between the Father and the Son is the highest excellency and peculiar glory of the Deity.”

Reduce Song 7:2  down to its simplest First principle is Love, intimating that love is the highest excellency and peculiar glory of each spouse. 8:6  The same power and glory is attributed to both spouses but different roles to reflect the different roles in the Trinity.

Canticles 7:2,

491. Canticles 7:2. “Thy navel is like a round goblet, which wanteth not liquor.” The navel, according to the ancient notion they had of things, was the seat of health. Proverbs 3:8, “It shall be health to thy navel.” Job 40:16, “His force is in the navel of his belly.” So that the thing which is here most probably represented is the spiritual health of the church. Her navel is compared to a goblet “which wanteth not liquor,” i.e. full of wine, that enlivening, invigorating liquor. The word signifies mixture, or temperament, or wine mixed or tempered, that is, wine that is so prepared as to make it the most agreeable and wholesome. See Proverbs 23:30, and Proverbs 9:2. Probably the same may be meant that is called “spiced wine,” in Canticles 8:2. See SSS.

“navel” belly.  Proverbs 20:27, “The spirit of man is the candle of the Lord, searching all the inward parts of the belly.”

Beauty or excellency #4

7:3 “Your belly is like a heap of wheat
Fenced about with lilies.”

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This is another beauty of the princes daughter. v1  This is one of her delights!  v6

He is adoring the beauty of her belly.  It is delightful for him to behold the beauty of her belly.

What is it about her belly that makes it beautiful and delightful for him to behold?

Answer:  The beauty is seen in the similarity.  Solomon looks at her belly and a heap of wheat fenced about with lilies and the beauty shared between the two is similar.

Her belly is not just a “heap of wheat”  The beauty of her belly is that it is like a heap of wheat fenced about with lilies.  The sight of which is “beautiful” v1 and “delightful” to behold v6.

“Fenced about with lilies”  meaning the her belly is beautiful all the way around.   The excellency of her whole belly is beautiful and altogether lovely.  There is no part of her belly that is not beautiful and delightful.  No loveliness is missing.  Her belly is as flawlessly beautiful as she is Song 4:7.

You have to compare the belly to the heap of wheat fenced with lilies.  Beauty is the idea. V1.  Meaning we know that Solomon is adoring her beauty for in Context the adoration of her sandaled feet, graceful legs, navel, belly, breasts, neck, eyes, nose, head and hair ends with an overall expression of how pleased he is to behold her various delights that are beautiful in Song 7:6.  So the context is that she either just got done dancing 6:13 or still is dancing and Solomon flame of love in his heart for his wife expresses itself in what he see’s as beautiful and delightful about his wife.  So Solomon adoring the various beauties of his wife is delightful for me.  He lets her know what her beauties are in 7:1-7:5 and then 7:6 is a sort of overall summary statement ending with sweet communion in love in 7:7-9.

He is adoring the beauty of the physical parts of his bride and comparing them to other beautiful sights.  Now what is beautiful about a heap of wheat?  Or what beauty does the belly have that is similar to the beauty of a heap of wheat?

What are the similar beautiful aspects about a woman’s belly and a heap of wheat?

  1. The shape of the belly is not deformed but beautiful and delightful to behold
  2. Her belly is fit for all its purposes, therefore it is beautiful and delightful to behold
    1. Both wheat and belly or womb are a source of life! Both a heap of wheat and her belly are a source of life!  How beautiful is that!!  For a woman to have a body part that is beautiful because it is a source of life for a new baby!

Beauty or excellency #5 of 15

“Your two breasts are like two fawns,
Twins of a gazelle.

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“As a loving hind and a graceful doe, Let her breasts satisfy you at all times; Be exhilarated always with her love.”
Solomon’s wife has breasts that fully satisfy him, he is exhilarated with her love!  She is happy that he is happy.  Her royal breasts satisfy him because they are beautiful and wonderfully made 7:2 to bring satisfaction to the husband.  Her breasts are perfectly fit for their purpose.  They do their job quite well.
Here in Song 7:3,8 Solomon is heeding his own advice.  He is letting her breasts satisfy him for they are the most beautiful breasts on the most beautiful woman.  He looks at them and they are beautiful.  Solomon started with her beautiful royal sandaled feet and has moved up to her glorious hair.
Beautiful!!  Her breasts are beautiful!  They are beautiful to behold.  Her husband is delighted to behold them because they are beautiful.
Beauty.  The closer two of the same are to one another the more beautiful the relation between the two.  Her breasts are symmetrical and proportionate one to the other.  They look the same, they are beautiful.  Size doesn’t matter.  But if one were big and the other small then they wouldn’t be so beautiful and possible not beautiful at all if the deformity was great enough.  This beauty of her breasts is similar to the beauty of her teeth, temples and thighs all of which God is the wise Craftsman 7:2 that made her that way so that guys are attracted to them.  This is a beautiful thing God has done, thank Him for making your spouse handsome or beautiful!!

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If you look at the picture of the twin fawns you will notice that they are identical like her breasts.  Even the spots are similar.  You can’t tell them apart except that one is on the left and the other is on the right.  The scene is absolutely beautiful.  The same as looking at her breasts.  The beauty of the twin fawns is a bit of a complex beauty due to the multiple different relations.  Meaning for the beauty to be more complex there has to be a broader variety of relations.  From head to toe they must be the same size, equal spots, proportionate legs etc. or the scene becomes less lovely if one fawn had only one ear or one leg.  Compassion would ensue upon such a scene but not much delight because the beauty is lessened to a degree.
See also (“any”) king, note on verse 7

Beauty or excellency #6

7:4 “Your neck is like a tower of ivory,”

Her neck is beautiful v6.  Her neck is similar to a tower of ivory.  Her neck is delightful to behold. v6.   Her neck is part of the whole person.  Overall the bride is flawless 4:7 and is “the most beautiful of women”  Altogether beautiful there is no flaw in her therefore every body is beautiful within itself and consistent with the whole body and consistent with God’s plan.  She is holy physically therefore beautiful and spiritually 8:6 therefore most beautiful altogether.

“tower” of ivory.  Why did Solomon use a tower of ivory to illustrate certain excellencies of her neck?  What do we know clearly about a tower of ivory.

  1. A tower of ivory is a lot of ivory.  The excellency of her neck is in the amount.  There is an abundance of rare ivory all in one spot in a tower of ivory.  Not only is it a lot of ivory but such an amount of ivory would be unheard of!!   Ivory is very rare and to have a tower of it would be impossible some writers say (WBC).  But Solomon was Her neck is not great in size but the illustration of a tower communicates “greatness”.  Her neck is of an unheard of quality of beauty and value!
  2. Immutability is understood by the unchanging nature of a tower of ivory.  Immutable, unchangeable.  The beauty of her neck is always beautiful.
  3. A tower of ivory would be fit to provide the greatest protection from enemies.  Battle language here again.  She is a warrior!  And she has enemies.  No fear of harm from those enemies because her neck is like an ivory tower glistening in the sun in all its glory.  It would definitely be extremely if not impossible to destroy by an enemy.  The enemy couldn’t get to her, she was safe.  the context fits this one because she was among Solomon’s royal chariots in 6:12.

As a defense “tower” against evil,  her will “neck” is precious and valuable to him.

“In the Judeo-Christian tradition, the term ivory tower is used as a symbol for noble purity.  Wikiepedia

A tower of nobility.  She possesses a tower of purity or holiness.  She has a lot of it.  She has not a brick of ivory but a tower of ivory.  I like the nobility aspect because in context Solomon is seeing his wife as royalty 7:1 “O Princes Daughter”  So really all the beauties and excellencies of the bride are compliments to royal beauty oh so bright.

Again like the other 9 excellencies or beauties of the royal humble queen, this one is also delightful to behold.  Solomon looks at her neck and it is beautiful and delightful like a tower of ivory.  Tis beautiful to see her carry her head with dignity and strength.  Ivory is valuable so the excellency of her neck carries weight in glory.  She is not stiff-necked and rebellious.

She has circumcised her heart. Deuteronomy 10:16″So circumcise your heart, and stiffen your neck no longer.”

Arguing from body to soul.

Outward representation of an inward spiritual reality.  The neck responds to the head.  The neck turns the head at the heads command.  The mind turns the will.

Beauty or excellency #7 of 15

7:4 b  “Your eyes like the pools in Heshbon
By the gate of Bath-rabbim;”

Her eyes are beautiful!

Her lovely eyes had a Heshbon like excellency that made her eyes worthy of admiration. Solomon and his royal queen of peace both had Holy loving doves eyes due to Love “the flame of the LORD” that was in their hearts for God and each other.

There is an excellency about her eyes similar to the pools in Hesbon and by the gate of Bath-rabbim.  The site of which ravishes his heart and they are absolutely beautiful to behold.  They are a great delight Solomon says in 7:6  So what is it that is delightfully beautiful to behold about her eyes.  Earlier she had doves eyes filled with holy love.

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  1. Eyes see, gather information, behold.
  2. The mind is informed and the mind directs the eye.  “The eye is the lamp of the body”  her eyes were full of light/Light of the coming Messiah through her knowledge of her husband/Husband and growing love and delight in him/Him.
  3. Her eyes were beautiful
  4. The function of her eyes were holy.  Her eyes would not be beautiful if they were not holy.  They have no mixture of evil in them.   Blessed are the pure in heart for then she saw Solomon for who he was in relation to her.  Her eyes were beautiful and holy set apart for him/Him.

You have to wonder if she is either mourning over sin or, crying for joy or mourning over a loss or just that her eyes had a normal gloss over them?  “Dark am I.” with sin, but infinitely lovely and hoy in Christ!”    In a spiritual sense, she has mastered the “Dark am I, yet lovely” meditation.   In order to keep her emotions balanced.  She knows how to stay humble when exalted to royalty, thus her beautiful sandaled feet. and she knows where to place her hope when convicted of sin.  Here you have both mourning over sin and joy for salvation and rejoicing in the LORD.  Both can cause tears depending on what the mind is focused on!!  Pools is chosen due the the abundance of water and not only for the beautiful location.  She really hates her sin and has a high view of God therefore her grieving is more and more intense and thus the greater Joy for she saw God greater and her sin worse and valued Christ more and rejoiced with joy unspeakable and full of glory!

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Husbands, if your wife is mourning over sin, you could compliment how beautiful her eyes are!!!  This is absolutely attractive to any godly man.  Her is not beautiful nor attractive but her mourning over it is.  “Blessed are those who mourn” over sin.

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Bath-rabbin mean “daughter of a multitude”.  Her beautiful eyes where near a location, by the gate of Bath-rabbin.   Her beautiful eyes  are similar to what you see when you look at the pools of hesbon by the gate of Bath-rabbin.  I suppose since she is the most beautiful of women and Solomon would choose the most beautiful metaphor to illustrate the beauty of her eyes.  Solomon chooses this location because the pools in Heshbon where absolutely beautiful particularly the ones by the gate of Bath-rabbin.

Heshbon  “he that hastens to understand or build.”  He can see it in her eyes and it is beautiful she doesn’t hasn’t to understand or build on her understanding.

“I will hasten and not delay to obey your commands.”

The point is that her eyes are beautiful and delightful to behold.

Water.

Water.  Live giving to a thirsty soul.  Water.  Refreshing for those that need Reviving.  We are taking revival.  Water a good metaphor for the Spirit.  Enable by the Spirit of Love in her heart 8:6. her eyes hastened to understand God and grow thereby being built up in Christ.  Her beautiful holy eyes.   There is revival in her holy eyes and that is the most beautiful thing about them.  Water is chosen as a good metaphor due to the gloss over the eyes, ability to cry or mourn and be wet with tears of joy, or mourning over sin or a loss of a loved one.  Her eyes function in a holy manner.  When presented with a blessing she is joyful, when convicted of sin she mourns.  She has them both going on to a high degree, enough to bring tears to the eyes,

 

Now her eyes were pools.  Full of water from these springs as were her eyes.  She has beautiful eyes.  “To this one God will look, to his bride who is humble and contrite of spirit and who trembles at My Word.”  Is. 66:2  I believe all of what the bride has learned thus far contributes to this praise of Solomon.  But particularly in the context of 5:1 til now she has learned many things.

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‘The pools of Hesbon were gorgeous deep reservoirs supplied by ever flowing springs.  An excellent comparison for the lovely eyes of Solomons wife.

What particular beauty about her eyes would be known by understanding the comparison?  There are similar beauties about her eyes and the pools in Hesbon.

Generally since the Song has so many superlatives in it, I have no problem making this pool the best of the best.  Meaning she had the most beautiful eyes, they did their purpose most beautifully and powerfully.   Her mind hastened to understand God!

The excellency of the water and an excellency of the pools of Heshbon

Solomon is looking at her eyes and she has got to be eye to eye with him.  His eyes were like doves eyes by the water brook.   Refreshing and pleasant to behold.

Now looking at the pools in Hesbon, what will come to mind?  What kind of feeling would the Israelite get by looking at pools in Hesbon?     Especially the ones by the gate of Bath-Rabbim.  Were people hastening to get water from these pools because the water was special or more pure?

Application

Is there an eagerness in your heart to understand God as much and as soon as possible and this eagerness is overall ever growing as you understand God more.

Beauty or excellency #8 of 15

7:4 c “Your nose is like the tower of Lebanon,
Which faces toward Damascus.”

The excellency of a tower is its size, quality of build and overall ability to do its purpose. “tower” and direction “faces toward”

What impression would have been on the mind of Solomon’s bride when she heard this compliment of her beautiful nose?

Location.  Its in the right place and faces the right direction making it beautiful.

Delitzsch suggested that this comparison conveyed “symmetrical beauty combined with awe-inspiring dignity.”  It definitely would have drawn the attention of anyone passing by.

The size of the tower isn’t reflective of the size of her nose but the excellency of it is great.  The beauty of it is great like a great tower that would protect Jerusalem from attack from enemies through Lebanon .

What was beautiful about a tower of Lebanon?

If they are in Jerusalem or anywhere in Israel then Damascus would have been north.

?Is there a Jewish phrase that has Damascus in it that people often said some like “look to Damascus”  or “face Damascus”   Which would be a morally beautiful thing to do and would be praiseworthy to be looking toward Damascus?

 

Damascus “well watered land” Darmsûq (ܕܪܡܣܘܩ) in Syriac[6]

Beauty or excellency #9

7:5 A “Your head crowns you like Carmel,

literally “your head upon you is like Carmel,

This is a beauty or excellency of the bride.  Delightful to behold.  Her head is beautiful because it crowns her just right.  The way mount Carmel sits in its surroundings is magnificent!!

There is a special excellency about Mount Carmel that when Solomon viewed her beautiful head similarities between the two came to mind.

Possible but I doubt that this is a reference to Solomon as her “head” or leader for then this would be Solomon complimenting or adoring himself.

Thy head upon”  “Your head crowns you

Beauty or excellency #10 of 15

7:5 B

“And the flowing locks of your head are like purple threads;
The king is captivated by your tresses.”

A woman hair is her glory.  Her external beauty.  As the strength of the young man is his glory and the glory of an old man is his wisdom.  Her hair is beautiful and helps to beautify her as a whole.  It gives Solomon great delight to behold her glory.

“Your hair is like royal tapestry” or “Your dangling curls are royal beauty.”

“Held captive”  The holy king of kings is held captive!!  He is captivated by her beauty!  Oh, to captivate the one/One you love.  Her royal glory was so beautiful that it captivated the greatest type of Christ alive.  ( I say “greatest type of Christ alive so that you can argue the principle truth taught in the text that the Bride captivated her husband.  We need only ask the question, “How does a believer captivate Christ in a similar way in which the bride in the Song captivated Solomon?  Her hair or ratter her glory was beautiful.  If our glory was beautiful would it captivate Christ?  Our glory is our holiness which consists in Love to God.  Our love to God must be a holy love in order for it to be beautiful and captivate our King.

From the lesser to the greater.

If only the external beauty of a woman hair can captivate her husband/King how much more so  would the glory of God written upon our hearts be absolutely captivating to our heavenly Bridegroom and King.    Any external beauty that the husband adores about his bride is nothing compared to the internal beauty of the bride of Christ, which is her holiness consisting in her love to God.  Her love to God in her heart is the superlative beauty of the bride.  Her love was more delightful than wine.  Love is an internal beauty of the soul.  Her holiness was flowing with the most delightful royal beauty!

Marriage is an illustration of Christ love to the Church.  There is a spiritual union in love between the soul of the bride and a type of Christ that is similar to our souls union with Christ.  In this context “captivation” is the principle.    The husband/Husband is captivated by the glory of his/His bride/Bride.

This text serves as a good illustration of the principle of captivation.  Solomon is captivated by her external beauty and glory.  Which gives him pleasure and her beauty is delightful to behold. v.6

Due to our union with Christ what is the glory of our soul that would captivate Christ?  His image in us.  His Son in us.  Love to God in us.  Holiness in us.  All are captivating to Christ.    A woman takes great care to make her hair beautiful on her wedding day, how much more so ought we to circumcise our hearts of sin in order for our internal beauty and holiness to be all the more captivating to christ both here and when we see Him as he is!!

Delight, Beauty or excellency #11 of 15

7:5c  “A (any) king would be captivated with its tresses.”  Here is the transfer verse.  The onlookers were gazing at the bride and now the king expresses what he is captivated with.

Solomon is obeying his own advice.

Like the most beautiful sight in nature is like viewing enjoying the fruits of her love to God and husband.  As a loving hind and a graceful doe,
Let her breasts satisfy you at all times;
Be exhilarated always with her love.” Prov. 5:19

“Any”  I put the (any) there because I think it fits the context.  If the onlookers were adoring her then they adore her breasts in 7:3.  I doubt the onlookers compliment her breasts unless it was proper back then.  So I take it to be Solomon praising her really close to her or in his chambers after the dance.

7:6 

How beautiful and how delightful you are,
My love, with all your delights!

How fair and how pleasant are you, O love, for your delights” kjv

Another summery statement bracketing 7:1-6, then starting in the next verse is another overall statement about her stature that leads to sweet holy communion in love. The 11th excellency is her.   “How beautiful “you” are.   Her husband praises her from foot to head and then lets her know she is altogether beautiful.  Each beautiful part of her body is in harmony with the rest.  Nothing is out of place or dysfunctional.  She is beautiful. Not any ordinary beauty but “how beautiful” she is.

Love for Excellency and Beauty.  He has a love and delight in her excellencies.  If there be any such thing as her being  beautiful & Lovely in herself then it will follow that she may & ought to be Loved from that Excellency. She ought to be loved and adored for who she is, excellencies included apart from any selfish interest in her.  For if there be such a Beauty then it may be seen & if it be seen as it is it will appear beutiful & amiable in itself as it is & Consequently will be delighted in & Loved for that is implied in its appearing beautiful. A reflection of God’s beauty and glory is seen and delighted in by the husband.  The husband is doing what he is created for which is to enjoy God and glorify Him forever.

She is oh, how beautiful.

She is most delightful and beautiful inside and out.  She is love personified

She is his love.

Her beauty consisted of all 14 “delights

 

 

The idea is that in rhythmic poetic form he compliments her various beauties from foot to head and now views her as a whole and she is beautiful with all her delights.

She desires to please Solomon with all her body and soul, and she did and Solomon recognizes it and praises her like a husband ought to do Prov. 31:28-30.  This helps the bride know what she is doing right and what pleases her husband so she can keep doing it.  She has her feet sandaled and is serving him in 7:1, where as in 5:2-6 the reason she loses him and goes through so much trouble was because she wouldn’t get out of bed and sandal her feet.  But now her feet are beautifully sandaled and it is delightful to behold and beautiful.

She is beautiful.  And not just beautiful but Oh, how beautiful.  It not that she is beautiful but that she is really beautiful and he is fully delighted in her!!  This helps us get the idea that she is beautiful when he says “How beautiful”  but then he repeats it “How beautiful”  or “Pleasing”   Her beauty is pleasing to his eye.   Beholding her beauty gives him pleasure.   Lots of different pleasures “with all  her delights”  The 11th beauty of the bride in this section is the bride herself with all her delights.  Holy Christian hedonism within marriage.  The bride’s love to God and husband had stagnated in 5:2-3 but was on fire and didn’t stop from 5:5 all the way to the end of the book!

love with the delights

Eleven beauties have been mentioned thus far in this section and there are 4 more to go but all her beauties are delightful and heart-endearing for all her delights are soul-ravishing excellencies.

Solomon has got to be one of the happiest men alive to have been blessed with such a wife!  Still it was because of God’s great love that she has a husband who loves her as Christ loves the church.  Solomon is a type of Christ who is adoring the beauty and excellencies of his wife, how much more so does Christ delight in the moral beauties and excellencies of His Bride!  Christ delights in our holiness more than a godly man delights in the holiness of his wife.  Our love is but a spark but His the Eternal Sweet Holy Flame the matchless infinite Love of God in Christ!

My love

If translated “My love” then…(His bride the princes daughter is “his love”, she is the one he loves,  a type of Christ calls his bride “my love”.  The husbands love is his bride.  Its quite personal.  “My love”  He is the excellent lover above all and she is the one he/He loves.  This side of heaven it doesn’t get better than this.  The greatest type of Christ alive is united to the bride and she is his love.  Surely she is worthy of this compliment because she has love “the flame of the LORD” in her heart.  They are heart to heart.  He loves her.  There is a love relationship going on here.  A personal one for he says “my love”  She is his wife.  They are in a conjugal agreement to love one another and she is the only object of “his love”.  When the moral good he/He loves is present in her heart, he/He lets her know how beautiful the manifestations of her love is to him.  And measures her that she is “his love”.)

Beauty or excellency #12 of 15

Your stature is like a palm tree,

תך, lit. “your height,” here refers to the impression conveyed by the woman’s entire body when viewed from head to toe, hence “your full physique.

Her stature had grown to great heights.  Its beautiful and delightful for Solomon to see her mature stature upright like a palm tree.

Rate of growth may be hinted at here as well.  The palm tree can grow to full stature and be bearing cluster of fruit fairly quickly.  Quickness of growth and smoothness of uprightness.  She has grown physically and spiritually upright, strong and fruitful like the palm.

 

Beauty or excellency #13

And your breasts are like its clusters.”

She has a beauty, her breasts, that captivate him.  She has a beauty that when beheld or thought of gives him great delight and inclines his heart to her in every way consistent with their marriage or union in love.

Breasts give physical nourishment to babies similar to how the fruit of a mature palm gives sweet nourishment.

A few sentences later after complimenting the beautiful excellency of her breasts, the one she loves says he greatly enjoys the view and desires it to be that way.  The feelings  are mutual. And oh how much does he like it to be that way, the two are one, they are in sync.  The love is flowing from God through Solomon to his/His bride and the bride returns her love to her husband/Husband, herein love is made complete.  A stricter union is formed.  Love to God formed a stricter union through both having right ideas of God, marriage and salvation through belief in the coming messiah, being delivered from sin and death due to his person and work seen in the types and promise of Scripture.  By beholding the glory of the coming messiah she is transformed from one level of glory to another by His love, His Spirit written on her heart Ez. 36:26

Oh, may your breasts be like clusters of the vine,” at the end of 7:8

Lesson Breasts like clusters go her.

Sweet holy communion intermingled in the end of his praises.

7:8

I said, ‘I will climb the palm tree,
I will take hold of its fruit stalks.’

I said”  This is a reminder that he is keeping a promise.  2 things he promises.  1.  “to climb” and 2.  to “take hold of its fruit stalks.”

The greatest of her stature and height and difficulty at which Solomon would have to go through to enjoy her fruit communicates to the mind the idea that her fruit is so good that he is willing to go through great lengths and difficulty in order to enjoy the fruit of her love to God and himself.

The greatness of her stature is to elevate the mind to thinking of great growth, maturity.  God has done great things in her heart.  Even though she was once an enemy of God she is now a humble royal princes, upright, growing fast and producing fruit so precious its worth working hard to be able to enjoy it and in effect he is enjoying her and her love.

Her degree of holiness determines the sweetness of the fruit which made her holy fruit more desirable.  She was worthy of such a compliment and she stayed humble under such great adoration.  Him taking hold of her fruit was mutual because of their love for each other.  Her wants her to be mature, she wants to be mature, she reached maturity as she wanted.  She wants him to enjoy her love and its fruit.  He promises he is going to enjoy her and her fruit

“I said”  This is a reminder that he is keeping a promise.  2 things he promises.  “to climb” and to “take hold of its fruit stalks.”

She desired to please him and now is the time that as he is beholding the majestic royal beauty of his humble bride that he will climb the palm and take hold of her fruits.  Both spiritual and physical for you can’t separate the two.

Solomon is praising the moral beauty of her both inside and out.  At the beginning of the praise in 7:1 the Bride is humble yet royal with sandaled feet.  From then on Solomon goes on to adore and praise each beauty or excellency of his wife both physical and spiritual beauties that make her O so beautiful.  All these 15 beauties fit under the category of what is beautiful about his bride, she was glorious yet a humble prices daughter with sandaled feet.  Solomon sums it all up in her upright stature and ability to produce fruit that greatly pleases him.  He says

“Oh, may your breasts be like clusters of the vine,”

Beauty or excellency #14

“And the fragrance of your breath like apples,”

“and the smell of thy nose like apples”  KJV

“And the smell of thy countenance like apples” JPS

The smell of her breath was pleasing to Solomon.  They are very close now if for he can smell her delightful breath.  There is a similar fragrance coming from her mouth that smells the same as if you smelled apples.  It was delightful to smell her breath.

The sweetness and nourishment or refreshment or revival.  Therefore her breath was sweet and delightful to smell.  Like she had just eaten something really sweet.

Of course Solomons lips were sweetness itself in 5:16.  What was she eating?  She was eating up his praises and in return her breath was sweet also like smelling apples.  A fragrant aroma pleasing to her lord.

The purpose of breathing is to support life by giving oxygen to the lungs.  He gets the sense that the way in which she gets life and gives life is sweet and nourishing.  her breathe like apples.  Breathing is a lively illustration or image of spiritual life.  A representation of our dependence on the spirit of God for spiritual life. “That was our bodies breathe the common air, so should our souls suck and draw in vital breathe from the great mind that comprehends the universe, becoming as it were one spirit with the same.”  (Jonathan Edwards Images and shadows of divine things #208)

“Your grace finds me”  Breathing in your grace.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iXZf-rc_XaA

Gen. 2:7  God breathed “life” into Adam and oh, how sweet that breathe must have been.

Beauty or excellency #15

9 A

And your mouth like the best wine!

The best wine, by the words she says and the kisses of her mouth.  Here she gets her desire.  After complimenting her from head to toe the final beauty or excellency of the royal humble bride is her best kiss and sweet words for her mouth like the best wine or “like the wine of the good”

Love of benevolence to husband/Husband out of her love of complacency in the holiness of God, the supreme excellency of the divine nature.

She says the sweetest words.   She sure isn’t nagging, wining or complaining here for her mouth was like the best wine.  7:1-9 really needs to be read together.  The conversation was one sided from 7:1-8b.

Mouth referring to kisses, breathe and speech, which actions reveal the heart.    Her mouth was beautiful and excellent in all its functions and shape.  “Out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks.”  Since Love is a flame her mouth has got to be on fire by now.  In Song 1:9-10 we see Solomon praising his bride similar to Solomon praising her here, yet this one is much longer and more glorious.  Yet while Solomon was praising her, her perfume spread its fragrances 1:12 and she thought highly of his value 1:13 and also of his various beauties 1:14.   She is thinking highly of him while he is praising her.  So also here in chapter 7 she is staying humble by thinking highly of him and the Master craftsman that made her that way 7:1.  She has been doing and thinking a lot lately but the last thing she said was her description of Solomon in 5:10-16.  Solomon could easily be referring back to 5:10-16 when she spoke of him to the daughters of Jerusalem, but more probable is that she is currently thinking or saying something that he very much enjoyed like the “best wine”  because it goes down smoothly for her beloved.

 

“It goes down smoothly for my beloved,”

Which makes the lips of sleepers move”  Keil an Delitzsch

The Lamed in ledodi is meant in the same sense as when the bride drinks to the bridegroom,

Her kiss and sweet words go down smoothly.  Oh isn’t she happy now.  She desired to only please him/Him and she did, he praised her from toe to head then they kiss or their show each other their affection for one another and it goes down smoothly for him to enjoy.  She is happy he enjoys her love and the fruits of it.  It goes down smoothly for him/Him.  Most delightfully.  With the greatest pleasure it goes down smoothly.

“Flowing gently through the lips of those who fall asleep.”

 

After receiving the longest and greatest praise in the Song they both fall asleep or pass out.  This wouldn’t have been the only time she passes out in times of heightened spiritual and physical blessing.  In 2:6 after their first heightened union and communion in love she grows faint and falls into his arms.

 

The Union of Love

7:10

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I am my beloved’s,
And his desire is for me.”

“She is his.”  She is her beloveds, she is totally and completely his.  And his desire is for her.  He is jealous for her love with a holy jealousy.  She has realized this by now.  This is the 3rd time this phraseology was used.  1st in 2:16 when they are engaged when a conjugal arrangement where she realized “he is hers, and she is his”  And he loves to be around lovely sweet smelling lilies.  “He browses among the lilies.”

This is where to find him.  He browses among the lilies.

Fear and is the painful emotion that arises at the thought that we may be harmed or made to suffer. This fear persists while we are subject to the will of someone who does not desire our well-being. The moment we come under the protection of one of good will, fear is cast out.  Doubt and fear go together.  She knew he loved her but had some doubts, now they are all gone.

But it has been already observed that the keeping Christ’s commands that has been spoken of consists mainly in the exercise of grace in the heart; and that kind of exercise of love, or the spirit of adoption that there is in such practical exertions and effective exercises of love, are the highest and most essential and distinguishing kind of exercises of love: and therefore in them this testimony and seal and earnest of the Spirit of love is given in its clearest and fullest manner.

Psalm 45:11

“Then the King will desire your beauty. Because He is your Lord, bow down to Him.”

1 Peter 3:3-6

“Your beauty should not come from outward adornment, such as elaborate hairstyles and the wearing of gold jewelry or fine clothes. Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. For this is the way the holy women of the past who put their hope in God used to adorn themselves. They submitted themselves to their own husbands, 6like Sarah, who obeyed Abraham and called him her lord. You are her daughters if you do what is right and do not give way to fear.”

“His desire is for me.”

“That disposition wherein true virtue originally consists is not exactly and fully expressed by the word BENEVOLENCE, which signifies a desire of the good welfare or happiness of others. It is better ex [pressed] by the words “love” or “charity,” or the Greek word αγαπη. ‘Tis a being’s being dear to us, which includes a desire of union with the object as well [as] a desire of the welfare of the object. Or rather, it is an union with the object; it is in the creature a kind of enlargement of the heart, whereby self takes in existence in general. And these desires of sensible union and intercourse with the object, and desires of its good, may be considered as consequences and fruits of it.” JE

Absolute and pure benevolence is a the Bride being dear to the Bridegroom, which includes a desire of union with her as well as a desire for her welfare.  Or rather, it is an union with her; it is in him a kind of enlargement of the heart whereby self takes in existence in general.  And the desires of sensible union and intercourse with her, and desires for her good (benevolence), may be considered as consequences and fruits of it.

?Because we are one, I want to feel it, be sensible of the union, I desire communion with him and desire his will, which are all fruits of that positional union.?

11 Come, my beloved, let us go out into the country,
Let us spend the night in the villages.

12 Let us rise early and go to the vineyards;
Let us see whether the vine has budded
And its blossoms have opened,
And whether the pomegranates have bloomed.
There I will give you my love.

“loves”  Multiple different expressions of love.

13 The mandrakes have given forth fragrance;
And over our doors are all choice fruits,
Both new and old,
Which I have saved up for you, my beloved.

the Gracious fruits that are found in the vines are Entertaining & Pleasant to J. X

She has much fruit stored up due to her love to God.  Fruits of holiness.  Israel’s Messiah and king delighted in holiness and all manifestation of it.  She saved up for him all the choice and best fruits.  The holiness of her lover is manifested in what he delights in.  He is holy and delights in the fruits of her love to God.  Out of love to God she does her duty of taking care of the vineyards and garden to produce fruit.

“New and old”

Here is where she shares her feelings she had for him and then he knew them and wisely put them together.  Here is where he knew what she was feeling and thinking in 1:13 and other places where she speaks in the first person.

8:1

“kiss”  Same word Pr. 7:13.  Real kiss, Song 1:2, Strongs 5401

?Looks like they have made it to the point in their relationship where they share the same brother to sister and sister to brother love.  So much so that if they were found outside and she kissed him, then the daughters of Jerusalem would not despise her for it.

“O that thou wert as my brother, that sucked the breasts of my mother! When I should find thee without, I would kiss thee; yea, I should not be despised.” Which wish of the church is now accomplished by Christ’s incarnation. The Son of God, who is infinitely higher than we, is come down unto us in our nature, and has familiarized himself to us.

 

7:5

“everlasting joy” can crown a head in the future Is. 35:10

7:6

How beautiful you are and how pleasing, my love, with your delights!
Two ways in which the mind can be said to be sensible that anything is good or excellent. 1.  When the mind is maturely convinced in judgement that her excellency is according to the meaning of the word good.  2.  When the mind is so sensible of the beauty and amiableness of the thing that ’tis sensible and delight in the presence of the idea of it.  This kind of sensibleness of good carries in it an act of the will or inclination, or spirit of the mind, as well as the understanding.
God’s goodness guided by wisdom 7:1 moved Him to giver her both being and beauty.

7:7

“Your stature is like a palm tree,
And your breasts are like its clusters.”

 

7:8-9 without. Dt. 32:32-33

7:8 “Breasts like clusters”

?your “loves” like clusters? (See Douay translations of 1:4)

“Like Clusters”

Plural.  Clusters is plural.  Meaning their are multiple ways in which her breasts were, beautiful, sweet, fruitful.  Physically attractive, yes and this is clear.  They are his.  Her breasts are reserved for him alone.  In this her breasts were beautiful had someone else been in her bosom then her breasts would not look beautiful united to a stranger.  I do not doubt that she kept them for his sensual eyes only as well because what is hers is this respect is his alone to enjoy! Prov. 5:19  and the point of saying like a loving doe is to give us the idea that this is beautiful and a right and proper expression of love and desire for one another in marriage alone.  One of the beauties of marriage to be enjoyed by both.  In the mutual giving and receiving of love manifested most intimately in marriage.

Also attractive because of their location.

Size.  They are a sign of physical full maturity as a woman and now she can have and nourish children.  Also a woman’s breasts are beautiful full of milk when she is pregnant.  Breasts spiritually means that she has been receiving nourishment for her soul and now she can give nourishment back.  She is fully mature both physically and spiritually.

( I wonder to not take the compliment either physically or spiritually or both,  yet I believe both are true .  Can you still call it eisegesis if you are that a compliment to the physical is a compliment to the spiritual if the Song is about spiritual love?)  The love of the spirit and the holiness of it, then you have her soul growing up to be fully mature only.  Yet her breasts are clusters.  Plural.  Or does Solomon praising her inner beauty in 1:9 and outer beauty in 1:10 justify that she is both beautiful inside and out, therefore a compliment to the outside is only a shadow of the beautiful holiness of God on her heart which consists in love to God manifesting itself in her life.  Her stature include her beautiful sandaled feet, now this is a moral compliment, therefore why not take the compliment of her whole stature as both a physical and spiritual one.  Also who is she? She is both body and soul.)

Deut 32:28They are a nation without sense, there is no discernment in them. 29If only they were wise and would understand this and discern what their end will be! 30How could one man chase a thousand, or two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, unless the LORD had given them up? 31For their rock is not like our Rock, as even our enemies concede. 32Their vine comes from the vine of Sodom and from the fields of Gomorrah. Their grapes are filled with poison, and their clusters with bitterness.

When he beholds her beautiful breasts they captivate him and bind him to her.  His desire for her is a uniting.  Love unites.  He loves her and her breasts are lovely like twin fawns browsing among the lilies.  Delightful to behold.

?”I want to say that who you love becomes a part of you”, but that statement doesn’t fully sound right.?

New American Standard Bible
Or do you not know that the one who joins himself to a prostitute is one body with her? For He says, “THE TWO SHALL BECOME ONE FLESH.”  But the one who joins himself to the Lord is one spirit with Him.

I will climb

Context of the promise.  The context of his praise and delight of and in her is after she learns how to love God and husband without reserve fully knowing he loves her and has her greatest good in mind for she says “I am my beloved’s and his desire is for me.”  She is at a peak of physical and spiritual maturity and he sweetly promises to enjoy it all.  Not just the physical but also her love.  Her love to God which is the Beauty of it all.  He will behold the Beauty of the Lord in their marriage, holiness which consists in Love to God is enjoyed by both.  They share in the fellowship of the Love of God in their union and communion with each other.

Holiness must be manifested and enjoyed by both, which consists in Love to God especially at the greatest times of the most intimate moments in the union.

And he, on the other hand, has fellowship with her; he feasts with her; her joys are his; and he rejoices in that entertainment that she provides for him.

“I will”  This is what they have a relish for.  They are those who have freely chosen that happiness which is to be had in the exercise and enjoyment of such love as is in heaven above all other conceivable happiness. They see and understand so much of this as to know that this is the best good. They do not merely assent that it is so from rational arguments which may be offered for it, but they have seen and tasted that it is so; they know it is so from what little they have tasted. It is the happiness of love, and the happiness of a life of such love, heavenly love, holy and humble and divine love; love to God, and love to Christ, and love to saints for God’s and Christ’s sake, and the enjoyment of the fruits of God’s love, holy communion with God and Christ and with holy persons. This is what they have a relish for.

If a husband saw his wife breast feeding, would he have delight in her ability to nourish his child?  Her breasts would be beautiful in this respect.  Her breasts are not only delightful in this way but in other ways as well.  In principle her breasts are signs that she has been receiving nourishment and can give nourishment because she is fully mature, her stature is like a palm tree.

 

7:9

“And your mouth like the best wine!”

“It goes down smoothly for my beloved,
Flowing gently through the lips of those who fall asleep.

 

Both must have the same nature.  Same highest motives.  Same idea’s and feelings about love.  Agreement in what is of value and worthy to be esteemed.

 

7:10

I belong to my beloved, and his desire is for me.

She is constantly in his full possession now.  Before she thought sometimes he wasn’t for her, but she says I am my beloved’s, he loves me and his desire is for me.  Love wishes well to the object of its regard and puts words and actions to those desires thus proving the love.

“is for me”  His desire is for her.  He is so united to her that her interest is his own.  He loves her as he loves himself due to the strict union of their hearts.  “If a friend that is very dear to any person, and of great merit in the eyes of any person, not only stands in a strict union with another, but also does particularly express a great desire of that other’s welfare and appears much to seek it; it is agreeable to nature that the welfare of the person united to him should be regarded, for his sake and on his account, as if it were his own welfare.”

Order of her words

She has fully matured in her union and communion with the king of peace indicated here by the worlds “I belong to my beloved” is said first, while before

It is the natural desire of love to do something for the beloved, either for his pleasure or honor.

7:11-12  They go to the villages in the dessert where she shares her love both new and old with him.    The she her new deeper love in 8:1-2 and they come out of the desert closer and she is leaning on him in 8:4

7:11-12

The Psalmist seems to speak of his sweetest comforts, as those that were to be had in secret; Psalms 63:5, “My soul shall be satisfied as with marrow and fatness, and my mouth shall praise thee with joyful lips; when I remember thee upon my bed, and meditate upon thee in the night watches.” Christ calls forth his spouse, away from the world, into retired places, that he may give her his sweetest love; Canticles 7:11–12, “Come my beloved, let us go forth into the field, let us lodge in the villages . . . there will I give thee my love.” The most eminent divine favors that the saints obtained, that we read of in Scripture, were in their retirement. The principal manifestations that God made of himself, and his covenant mercy to Abraham, were when he was alone, apart from his numerous family; as anyone will judge that carefully reads his history. Isaac received that special gift of God to him, Rebekah, who was so great a comfort to him, and by whom he obtained the promised seed, walking alone, meditating in the field. Jacob was retired for secret prayer, when Christ came to him, and he wrestled with him, and obtained the blessing. God revealed himself to Moses in the bush, when he was in a solitary place in the desert, in Mount Horeb (Exodus 3 at the beginning). And afterwards, when God showed him his glory, and he was admitted to the highest degree of communion with God that ever he enjoyed; he was alone, in the same mountain, and continued there forty days and forty nights, and then came down with his face shining.

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